Agriculture Project by abbey smith

Introduction

Agriculture and farming have been a part of human existence for a while, dating back to a few thousand years BCE.

The First Agricultural Revolution

The first agricultural movement occurred over 11,00 years ago with the beginning of domestic plants and animals. Before we as humans started domesticating plants for food, we would hunt for mean on animals like fish, or bison, birds, large mammals etc. Fishing was one of the more "popular" options before farming made and impact on society. We hunted and gathered our food sources.

Fishing was a good way to supply food for yourself and others.

With the beginning of farming, also brought more opportunities to earn a profit. Now, at the time it was not very likely a family would want to sell the food that they harvested because they needed to consume it or they just didn't have enough that would be considered extra that they wouldn't be using. People now had somewhat of a stable food source with the growing of wheat, corn, fruits and vegetables. Wheat however is the first cereal to be cultivated by people in places like the middle east and wheats like barley would soon come after that.

Wheat and barley were some of the first crops to be grown and harvested by humans.

The Second agricultural revoltion

The second agricultural revolution brought forth the mechanical era of farming with large machines and new methods of planting and harvesting crops. Influenced by the industrial revolution, the second agricultural revolution occurred during the 1700's and 1900's. New machines made farming a lot easier for farmers with the use of machines like the plow, horse collar, seed drill, crop rotation and a four course system.

The third agricultural revolution

During the third agricultural revolution came the development that we have today. The third revolution brought forth the development of genetically modified organisms as well as new machinery like the combine and updated ways for planting and harvesting crops.

Genetically Modified Organisms

GMOs (genetically modified organisms) are what we have in some of our foods. It does sound daunting when it's talked about, but it can be very mild modifications like making a tomato ripen faster, or growing more grapes per vine, or something large like soybeans that don't die when a certain pesticide is sprayed on them and it only kills the bugs when they come in contact with the repellent. Most people, when they see something that is labeled to be genetically modified, they tend to shy away from that product and go for another product that isn't labeled genetically modified but still can contain a GMO. GMO's have helped farmers produce more crops when it comes to saving them from bugs and "pests", but the runoff of the pesticides are flowing into the drinking water and water that is used to hydrate the plants and ourselves. It is getting contaminated and can cause animals to die as well as other plants. People don't want to put things in their bodies that they know is going to be bad for them, but only when they have visible evidence (such as a label) to show them.

Bibliography

Powerpoint used : https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/e/2PACX-1vTospxA4GDdiveMEdRC41hiD8s1TqJ4OFJwhF3YKI35qvhRKspw2OLOgQB7c8VRr0izRLdvk7LFEjBu/embed?start=false&loop=false&delayms=3000&slide=id.p3

Credits:

Created with images by Pezibear - "calf brown reddish" • MLundback - "fish" • Sandra_M_H - "wheat wheat field cereals" • Keith Bacongco - "Plow..." • Unsplash - "barley cereal grain"

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