What is Asthma?
Asthma is a disease that causes your airways to narrow and produce extra mucus, causing many symptoms that may be seen as minor problems or major problems.
This shows the difference between an asthmatic and a normal bronchi.
Causes of Asthma
There is no direct cause of Asthma, many doctors estimate that it is caused by a combination of genetic inheritance and environmental effects.
Signs and Symptoms of Asthma
Some signs that you have asthma are also symptoms of asthma. The following is a list of signs and symptoms of asthma:
- Shortness of breath
- Air intake issues
- Asthma attacks
- Chest tightness or pain
The following is a guide to treating your asthma:
1. Track your symptoms; This may include anywhere from coughing to asthma attacks.
2. Record how well your lungs are working; Perform the following tests daily:
-Peak flow tests: Performed with a small hand-held device called a peak flow meter, measures how fast you can force air out of your lungs
This is a picture of a hand-held Peak Flow meter
-Spirometry: Can be done with spirometer at doctor's office or with hand-held version for at-home tests.
This is a picture of a hand-held Spirometer
3. Adjust treatment according to your Asthma Action plan; The following is a table for your asthma action plan provided by Mayo Clinic:
The chart for keeping track of your Asthma Action plan, provided by Mayo Clinic.
Although there is no known way to prevent Asthma yet, following the treatment plan can help control your symptoms.