The Policy of Adolescent Sexual Education Sammie Escamilla

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The sexual education and freedom of adolescents is imperative in keeping them safe.

States and Sexual Education

Only 24 states and the District of Columbia require sexual education be taught.

20 states require that sexual education, if provided, be medically accurate.

As of March 2016

Mathematic Policy Research Study on Effectiveness of Abstinence-Only Based Sexual Education

To look more deeply into the effectiveness of abstinence-only based sexual education, Mathematica Policy Research completed an extremely important study in 2007. Mathematica researchers compared students that had participated in four abstinence-only programs to students in a control group that had received no sexual education over the course of 4 to 6 years. In the first year analysis, though students exposed to abstinence-only programs were found to be more supportive of abstinence and chastity, sexual behavior between the groups was no different, however at this point, most students in both groups were below the average age of first sexual experience. After 4 to 6 years, the researchers returned to both groups of students. They found there was again no difference in sexual behavior between the two groups. The mean age of initiating sex was the same in both groups, 14.9 years. 51% if both groups participated in sexual intercourse and reported almost identical use of condoms. This Mathematica Policy Research study provides a basic truth of abstinence-only based sexual education: it does not work (Doan and Williams 47-48).
Movies such as Mean Girls, from which the photo above is taken, broadcasts the audacity of abstinence-only based sexual education.

Parents and Sexual Education

Over 80% of the U.S. population believes sexual education should be taught.

Only 1/3 of parents support abstinence-only sexual education to combat teen pregnancy.

Informed Sex = Good Sex

Teenagers need to be informed about all aspects of sex. They also need to be informed about their sexual freedom.
Without any sexual education, the problem of teen pregnancy does not go away.

Reproductive Health and The Adolescent

Donald Trump and Mike Pence pose a direct threat against women's reproductive rights.

Both Want to Ban Abortion

Mike Pence states: Roe vs. Wade should be “sent to the ash heap of history.”

Trump believes all abortion should be banned except in cases of rape, incest, and danger to the mother.

The Defunding of Planned Parenthood

Planned Parenthood provides millions of women each year with free or discounted contraception, pelvic exams, treatment of STDs and STIs, and much more.

Donald Trump has stated he would rather shut down the government than fund Planned Parenthood.

Repealing the Affordable Care Act

The Affordable Care Act currently provides contraceptives to millions of women.

Many women will be left footing the bill for their contraceptives if this is repealed.

President-elect Donald Trump and Vice President-elect Mike Pence are on a crusade against women’s reproductive rights. Their plan will take away the sexual freedom of many women. Adolescent girls should have the right of sexual and reproductive freedom without government input.

The current sexual education is failing our children. The government is failing our children.

Sex Education in the Netherlands

Children begin sexual education in kindergarten.

Sexual education is blunt and too the point.

Condoms and other contraceptives are readily available in vending machines.

Due to this, The teen pregnancy rate is <1%.

The bottom line is teenagers are bound to have sex. With hormones raging and developing bodies, sexual intercourse is bound to happen between adolescents. Due to this, it is imperative that adolescents are educated not only in the dangers of sex, but also the practices of safe sex, the ways of protection against pregnancy, and that their sex life does not define them. An adolescent’s decision to have sex should be an informed decision. If a student is taught just abstinence-only based sexual education, he or she will not be truly informed. This adolescent will not be protected. Uninformed sex is dangerous sex. If the government is trying to prevent dangerous sex, the best course of action would be to advocate states to teach comprehensive sexual education to inform the masses of adolescents.

To Donate or Learn More About Supporting Comprehensive Sexual Education Visit:

Bibliography

Doan, Alesha E., and Williams, Jean Calterone. The Politics of Virginity: Abstinence in Sex Education. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2008. Print. Reproductive Rights and Policy.

"Donald Trump on Reproductive Rights and Women's Equality." NARAL Pro-Choice America. NARAL, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

"The Fight for Reproductive Rights." U.S. History. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

Gray, Emma. "A Brief Reminder That Mike Pence Still Wants to Control Your Uterus." The Huffington Post. The Huffington Post, 5 Oct. 2016. Web.

"A History of Federal Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Funding FY10." SIECUS. SIECUS, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

"History of Sex Ed." Advocates for Youth. Advocates for Youth, n.d. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

Knowles, Jon. "Sex Education in the United States." Planned Parenthood Issue Brief (2012): 1-13. Planned Parenthood. Web.

Levine, Judith. Harmful to Minors: The Perils of Protecting Children from Sex. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota, 2002. Print.

Luker, Kristin. When Sex Goes to School: Warring Views on Sex--and Sex Education--since the Sixties. 1st ed. New York: W.W. Norton &, 2006. Print.

Paludi, Michele Antoinette. Feminism and Women's Rights Worldwide. Santa Barbara, Calif.:

Praeger, 2010. Women's Psychology (Westport, Conn.). Web.

Peck, Adam, and Rebecca Leber. "States With The Highest Teen Pregnancy Rates Lack Adequate Sex Ed Requirements." ThinkProgress. ThinkProgress, 1 Mar. 2013. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

Peterson, Scarlett. "On Slut Shaming and Rape Culture." Pamoja 5 (2015): 7-8. Web.

Romines, Kristina. "SIECUS Statement on the 2016 Election Results." SIECUS. SIECUS, 9 Nov. 2016. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

"Sexual Health Information for Teens." Planned Parenthood. Planned Parenthood, 07 June 2016. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.

"State Policies on Sex Education in Schools." NCSL. National Conference of State Legislature, 16 Feb. 2016. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

Photographs from:

(in order which they appear)

Hutchins, Aaron. "The Interview: A History of Sex Ed." Macleans.ca. Rogers, 23 Dec. 2015. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

Peck, Adam, and Rebecca Leber. "States With The Highest Teen Pregnancy Rates Lack Adequate Sex Ed Requirements." ThinkProgress. ThinkProgress, 1 Mar. 2013. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

Sex Education in America: A Brief History. Youtube. AJ+, 8 Sept. 2015. Web. 1 Dec. 2016.

Davison, Kim. "Let's Talk About Birth Control." Her Campus. Her Campus, 27 Oct. 2016. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

Healy, Frank. "How Parents Can Help Their Teenagers Who Have Schizophrenia." ExpertBeacon. ExpertBeacon, n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

Peters, Mike. Sexual Education. 2010. Mike Peters' Editorial Cartoons. Web.

Bradner, Eric, Dana Bash, and MJ Lee. "Donald Trump Selects Mike Pence as VP." CNN. Cable News Network, 16 July 2016. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

Francis. "Safe Abortion." Same Day Abortion Clinic. Pain Free, n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

Erickson, Kurt. "Nixon Wary of Planned Parenthood Cut, Signs Ethics Bills." Stltoday.com. Saint Louis Post Dispatch, 13 July 2016. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

"Oh Baby! The Ultimate Guide to Contraception." Greatist. Greatist, 21 Dec. 2012. Web. 1 Dec. 2016.

Miller, Ilene. "Fantastic Girlfriend Getaways." Things Women Want. Things Women Want, 30 Aug. 2016. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

Fazrul, Mohammod. "Health Education Professional." Smart in Action. Blogspot, 4 Dec. 2010. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

"Is Preschool Appropriate for Sex-ed Class? With Sex Ed Starting in Preschool, Here's the Sex-Hellscape the Netherlands Has Become." Caribbean Fever. Blogspot, 3 June 2015. Web. 02 Dec. 2016

"Helping Children with Disabilities Explore Sexuality." Birdees Education Series. GoTo, 07 Nov. 2014. Web. 02 Dec. 2016.

"Condom Machine." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 7 Mar. 2016. Web. 02 Dec. 2016.

Venkatesan, J. "Raped and Abandoned, Woman Seeks Court Help to Abort Deformed Fetus." Deccan Chronicle. Daksham, 21 July 2016. Web. 02 Dec. 2016.

Caio. Book. 2015. Pexels. Web. 2 Dec. 2016.

Doncas, Melanie. "How to Become a Professional Photographer: Going from Amateur to Professional." Photo Contest Insider. Disqus, 16 Mar. 2016. Web. 02 Dec. 2016.

Created By
Samantha Escamilla
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