We didn't start the fire By Keegan And Exabior

1955. The conflict of the Cold War and the effects of WWII still stirring themselves in the hearts and minds that had to go through and/or hear about this news everyday. 1955 was a turning point for all Americans but here are some things that were happening all around the world.

Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin.

Joseph Stalin

After Lenin, Stalin’s influence, died, Joseph Stalin began his conflict with those around him in the political world to become the Soviet Union’s leader. Joseph Stalin changed the face of the Soviet Union, however, it costed close to 60 million lives.

People who spoke out against him were taken out and those who didn’t follow him were also killed; he ruled with widespread terror. His death made people curious as to the loyalty of his closest comrades, however, the de-stalinization was something that the people of Russia needed due to the oppression they had faced under Stalin’s rule.

Malenkov

Georgy was a career politician in the Soviet Union. Malenkov had connections with in the soviet party to speed up his promotion to being the collector of party records. He then become closer with Joseph Stalin by being included in many of the soviet purges in the 1930s.

Once Stalin died in 1953, Georgy Malenkov was the successor inline, however only two years into his time as secretariat he was forced to resign and the next leader, Khruschev. Nikita Khruschev would become a more lenient leader to the west and to his people, but was bold during the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Sergei Prokofiev was a Russian composer he is known for his ballets in Romeo and Juliet as well as Peter and the Wolf. He would spend a lot of his life abroad from Russia living in the USA and Paris. Before World war two he would arrive back in Russia to later compose many iconic soviet melodies.

Sergei was considered a high prize honour for his work and was praised by the Soviet Union and would be later be popularised by its people. Prokofiev died in 1953 due to cerebral hemorrhaging with unfinished symphonies and piano sonatas.

Gamal Abdel Nasser, in 1945 was released that he was the Prime Minister of Egypt. In 1956 he would announce a constitution that would make Egypt a socialist Arab state with a one party system. That July Britain and the U.S. wanted to build the suez canal that would use egyptians as workers and promised the tolls on the bridge would pay for its self as well. This ended up not falling suit and the soviets would begin to back Egypt to fight off the British and Americans.

In 1967, Egypt was later defeated in the Six Day War with Israel and suffered a great amount. This caused Nasser to want to resign, but Egypt till continued to support Nasser so he then modernized the military to make it stronger. Nasser later died in September 1970.

Winthrop Rockefeller was born in 1912, and didn’t want to follow the family tradition of being at the top of the oil business. Instead, he worked at the bottom. He then worked at a different branch of the Rockefeller business. Soon after he made this decision, he went into the army to become an instructor/specialists in machine guns. After he got out of the army, he went back to his second job at the oil company, and then took a turn at politics. He helped Arkansa build up their economy and the amount of jobs readily available for Arkasonians.

Roy Campanella (Campy) was a famous Catcher in Baseball from Philadelphia. Roy was originally from the “Baltimore Elite Giants from the Negro national league” . After the color barrier had been broken, Roy then joined Nashua on the New England team (Class B) in 1946. By mid season of 1948 he was the Dodgers’ regular catcher. In 1951 he had won the “National League Most Valued Player” award. He won his second MVP in 1953 and broke the record for 142 runs as a catcher. In 1955 Campanella helped the Dodgers’ receive their first world series title.

In 1958 Campanella suffered an injury losing control of a rented car on a patch of ice. The accident nearly caused him to lose control of his body below his shoulders. He continued to play for another 10 years and finished out in the Hall of fame in 1969. Roy Campanella then died in 1993.

The Communist Bloc was a link of many countries in Europe that stood by communist beliefs and/ or practices. Created by Stalin and Vlad Len, it wasn’t really an official title given by or named by anyone. The rest of the world knew the communist and/or soviet countries in Europe as ‘The Bloc”. All the countries that were a part of this group were Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, East Germany, Poland and Albania.

Roy Cohn Was an American attorney who was considered to be Joseph McCarthy's right hand man and was involved with the Red Scare investigations. He was also part of the U.S Justice department. In 1945 Cohn tried to pursued a man named David Schine to join the McCarthy staff. David was drafted into the army and Cohn tried to harass the army to let Schine have more simple duties and extra leave. The army would then charge McCarthy for improper pressure on Schine. He would then blame the army for being communist for not meeting their demands but Cohn began to lose his footing in the case. Cohn we then be called McCarthy's disgrace and Roy would later resign from McCarthy's staff to private practice.

Juan Peron was a President and military leader in Argentina. He is know for completely reshaping Argentines economy. He got his rise to power through joining a secret group called Grupo de oficiales unidos. In 1943 a join the groups raid to over through the civilian government. Peron became popular with with military type with his sharp attitude. In 1946 Juan Perón became president.

After being reelected twice, Perón was driven to exile by confederate soldiers in 1955. Jaunt fled to Madrid, but still enforced political influence that would still be stable upon his return. Perón died in 1974 and his presidency was then granted to his wife Isabel Martinez Peron who was shortly removed from office by a military coup.

Arturo Toscanini was the world’s most famous conductor of the 20th century. He had established himself as a talented conductor at the age of 19. Toscanini made his first conducting debut in Italy at Turin in 1886. SInce then Toscanini has traveled the word as the largest conductor known. He was also known as the most popular televised musician on Television adding lights and costumes to his performances.

In 1954 at the age of 87, Arturo suffered an Ischemic attack which caused memory loss at the time. NBC cut the performance short and Toscanini never played live after his NBC performance again.With the help of his son, he spent the remainder of his time editing his own tapes. He died of a stroke at the age of 89 in 1957. He had impacted the world with his orchestra music, and changed how live music was viewed on live television.

This was a battle that ended the French involvement with Southeast Asia. It was a struggle for territory that the french lost to a substantial amount. The reason they had lost was that they were significantly outnumbered in Dien Bien Phu by the Viet Minh. The french were behind enemy lines but they were outnumbered 1:3 and engaged in a quick turnover in advantage. The war left the French ashamed that they had lost so much and they recognized Vietnam as it’s own country

Rock around the Clock

Rock around the Clock was a hit song in the 50’s written by Billy Haley. This song was specifically favored by teenagers. The song was only just an add-on to another vinyl track called Thirteen Women and Only One Man In Town, however at only two minutes and eight seconds the song came out as the number one. Reaching number one on the US pop charts in July 9th 1955 as well as being the UKs top seller. The track sold 40 million copies in all.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hTmKsIOo-Qc

Rock around the clock would later be featured in movies and show such as, BlackBoard jungle and 13 other films.

Einstein

Albert Einstein, was a German scientist born in 1873. He had developed influential theories such as the General Theory of Relativity. He had achieved awards such as a Nobel Prize for the explanation of Photoelectrons. Shortly after he had moved to the US to escape the targeting of the Nazi powers within the 1930s.

In New Jersey Einstein would settle to study the Unified Field Theory that would help bring other escaped scientists together. After Einstein had heard of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima in 1945, he would become an attribute on restricting the bomb. After several more accomplishments, Einstein would pass in 1955 and would remain the most influential scientist of the 20th century.

James Dean

James Dean, born in February 1931, is a very loved movie star of the 1950s. He is known for his roles in the film East of Eden after the John Steinbeck novel and Rebel Without a Cause. He has received a Posthumous oscar nomination and has won the hearts of several Teenage girls. Starting off as a star in a Pepsi commercial he had made his way up to being a 1950s movie hit. James Dean left his acting career and started another career in driving race cars. His race car of choice was a Porsche Spyder 550 to be at the race in Salinas California races. Turning through an intersection, a 23 year old Cal Poly student would collide into Deans Porsche leaving James dead at the age of 24.

Baseball team, Brooklyn Dodgers had lost several world series and 5 times to the New York Yankees. The Dodgers had lost the first two games of the season to Yankees stadium, but in the 7th game, left handed pitcher, Johnny Podres would salvage the game. In the fourth inning of the last game, Brooklyn hit their first run of the game when Roy Campanella hit a double and Gil Hodges hit Campanella to home plate.

In the final ig the Dodgers would win by 2

Davy Crockett

Actor Fess Parker starred in the highly popular TV series Davy Crockett. The novelty song The Ballad of Davy Crockett became the number-one song in 1955. Coonskin caps—like Davy Crockett wore—also became popular among young boys.

In the late 1950s, the U.S. military created what they called the M-29 Davy Crockett weapons system. This was a tactical nuclear recoilless gun, intended to fire at enemy troops in the case of war with the Soviet Union. They probably gave it that name as a result of the television series.

Peter Pan is a story created by J. M. Barrie in an adult novel called “The Little White Bird” in 1902. The character was based on his younger brother who had died in an ice skating accident. In honor his parents called him forever young which would become the theme of the Peter Pan.

Peter Pan

Peter Pan is a story created by J. M. Barrie in an adult novel called “The Little White Bird” in 1902. The character was based on his younger brother who had died in an ice skating accident. In honor his parents called him forever young which would become the theme of the Peter Pan.

In 1954 Peter Pan was turned into a broadway musical starring Mary Martin. The show followed several other different versions of it on NBC including the same cast throughout the years till 1960. It had also achieved a Tony Award. It had aired with 65 million viewers

The King

Singer Elvis Presley became a national phenomenon with such number-one hit songs as Heartbreak Hotel, Don't Be Cruel and Hound Dog. He was called "Elvis the Pelvis" because of the way he shook his hips while dancing. Many religious leaders and school officials banned his songs, which only made them more popular. He later went on to be nicknamed "The King" as the most popular singer ever.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e8jAqvmnsIk

Elvis had 14 nominations and won 3 Grammy awards and two awards for best gospel music as well as a lifetime achievement award

DisLand

Disneyland opened in 1955 in Anaheim, California. It was a theme park, developed by Walt Disney and based around his cartoon characters. It was designated as a place for family entertainment.

An interesting and little-known fact is that although Disney forbade the serving of alcoholic beverages in Disneyland, he had a private suite in the park where bartenders would serve drinks to his personal guests.

The theme park expected a crowd of 15,000 people at the invitation-only opening, however, 28,154 passed through Disneyland’s gates thanks to counterfeit tickets. A few more even scaled a fence using a ladder erected by a makeshift entrepreneur who charged $5 a head.

Brigitte Bardot

Brigitte Bardot was born on September 28, 1934 in Paris, France. Capitalizing on her success in French films, Brigitte made her first American production in Act of Love (1953) with Kirk Douglas, but she continued to make films in France. Brigitte's explosive sexuality took the United States by storm, and the effect she had on millions of American men who had not seen a woman like her in a long, long time--if ever--was electric. Rise to the phrase "sex kitten" and fascination of her in the United States consisted of magazines photographs and dubbed over French films--good, bad or indifferent, her films drew audiences--mainly men--into theaters like lemmings. In 1965, she appeared as herself in the American-made Dear Brigi

Then
Now

Anti-communist riots took part in Budapest, Hungary. Soviet troops put down the revolt and arrested many Hungarians, especially students.students and workers took to the streets of Budapest (the capital of Hungary ) and issued their Sixteen Points which included personal freedom, more food, the removal of the secret police, the removal of Russian control etc. Poland had already been granted rights in 1956 which had been gained by street protests and displays of rebellion. Hungary followed likewise.

President Eisenhower of USA said “I feel with the Hungarian people.” J F Dulles, American Secretary of State, said “To all those suffering under communist slavery, let us say you can count on us.” But America did nothing more.

Bus Boycott

In 1955, African-American Rosa Parks sat in a Montgomery, Alabama bus seat designated "for whites only". She was then arrested for her act of defiance. That arrest resulted in demonstrations and a boycott of Montgomery buses by African-Americans that lasted until December 1956.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TT4k3OJ1XDk

Since the boycott was costing downtown stores and white businesses considerable money, negotiations were made to stop the action. But it took a Supreme Court ruling in November 1956 that segregation on transportation is unconstitutional to finally integrate the buses.

This event was also a starting point for the Civil Rights movement of Martin Luther King and others.

Khrushchev
Kennedy and him sit down for tea

Nikita Khrushchev emerged as a leader in the Soviet Union after the death of dictator Josef Stalin. In 1956, he advocated reform and indirectly criticized Stalin and his methods. He became the Premier of the Soviet Union from 1958 to 1974.

Once a loyal Stalinist, Khrushchev gave a long speech in February 1956 that criticized Stalin for arresting and deporting opponents, for elevating himself above the party and for incompetent wartime leadership, among other things.

Princess Grace

Actress Grace Kelly left Hollywood to marry Prince Rainier of Monaco. She then attained the title of Princess Grace. After marrying Prince Rainier on April 19, 1956, in a very public and ornate ceremony, Kelly abandoned her acting career in order to become Princess Consort of Monaco. She was also required to give up her American citizenship, and Prince Rainier banned her films in Monaco.

The royal couple had three children: Princess Caroline, Prince Albert, and Princess Stéphanie. Despite many attempts by filmmakers to lure Princess Grace back into the film industry, she resisted, embracing her role as a ceremonial leader of Monaco.

The book Peyton Place became the number-1 best-seller. Teens often marked the "good parts" in the book, as they passed it among each other.

The book is quite tame according to today's standards.

The novel describes how three women are forced to come to terms with their identity, both as women and as sexual beings, in a small, conservative, gossipy New England town, with recurring themes of hypocrisy, social inequities and class privilege in a tale that includes incest, abortion, adultery, lust and murder. It sold 60 000 copies within the first ten days of its release and remained on the New York Times best seller list for 59 weeks.

Suez Canal
Map Of The Canal

After Britain and the USA withdrew their financial support for the Egyptian Aswan dam project, General Nasser nationalized the important Suez Canal. Egypt was then invaded by British, French and Israeli forces. Under pressure from the United States the invaders left Egypt and a UN emergency force was sent to Egypt. The United States threatened all three nations with economic sanctions if they persisted in their attack. The threats did their work. The British and French forces withdrew by December; Israel finally bowed to U.S. pressure in March 1957. In the aftermath of the Suez Crisis, Britain and France found their influence as world powers weakened.

http://www.school-for-champions.com/history/start_fire_facts.htm

http://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/nikita-sergeyevich-khrushchev

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Sergey-Prokofiev

http://www.history.com

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gamal-Abdel-Nasser

http://baseballhall.org/hof/campanella-roy

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gamal-Abdel-Nasser

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/music/artists/rock-around-the-clock-how-bill-haleys-song-became-a-hit/

http://www.biography.com/people/arturo-toscanini-21449193

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arturo_Toscanini

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/peron-deposed-in-argentina

http://www.biography.com/people/albert-einstein-9285408#move-to-the-united-states

http://www.biography.com/people/james-dean-9268866#commercial-success

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Pan_(1954_musical)

http://www.history.com/news/disneylands-disastrous-opening-day-60-years-ago

http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000003/bio

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/modern-world-history-1918-to-1980/the-cold-war/the-hungarian-uprising-of-1956/

http://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/nikita-sergeyevich-khru

http://www.biography.com/people/grace-kelly-9362226#a-royal-wedding

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peyton_Place_(novel)

http://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/suez-crisis

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