Personality Theories Madyson Jenkins


  • Examines the internal conflict between the Id, Ego, and Superego
  • Freud is the founder of this theory based off of his divisions of personality
  • Freud was a powerful psychologist that had innovative theories but they were not always scientifically proven therefore they were detested by other psychologists
  • Tested by projective tests used to reveal unconscious information


  1. Id- pleasure principle
  2. Ego- reality principle
  3. Superego- moral principle
  4. Repression-ego uses some of its energy to prevent anxiety arousing information from entering the consciousness
  5. Sublimation- taboo impulses may even be channeled into socially desirable and admirable behaviors completely masking the sinister underlying impulses
  6. Regression-a psychological retreat to an earlier psychosocial stage

Psychosexual Stages of Development


  • Defined as processing conscious feelings about oneself in light of one's experiences and needs
  • Theorists such as George Kelly (cognitive categories into which they sort the persons and events in their lives) and Carl Rogers (theory of self actualization- the highest realization of human potential)
  • Uses questions to asses self-concept (THE SELF- the organized , consistent set of perceptions of human potential)
  • It brought back contemporary interest in the self: criticized as subjective


  1. Phenomenology- emphasis on the primacy of intermediate experience
  2. Self Actualization- the highest realization of human potential
  3. Need for positive regard - for acceptance, sympathy, and love from others.
  4. Conditions of Worth- that dictate the circumstances under which we approve and disapprove of ourselves
  5. Self-Esteem- how positively or negatively we feel about ourselves


  • A prominent psychologist in this area would be Raymond B. Cantell who developed the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) used to measure the individual differences on each of the dimensions and provide comprehensive personality descriptions.
  • It also includes the 5 factor model (OCEAN)
  • Openness Consciousness Extraversion Agreeableness Neuroticism


  1. Personality Traits-are relativity stable cognitive, emotional, and behavioral characteristics of people then help establish their individual identities and distinguish them from others
  2. Factor Analysis- is used to identify clusters of behaviors that are highly correlated with one another but not with behaviors in other clusters
  3. Self Monitoring- are very attentive to situational cues and adapt their behavior to what they think would be most appropriate

Social Cognitive Theory

Taylor Swift

  • Psychoanalytic/psychodynamic- Taylor is never in the media for impulsive issues like drugs or alchohol and is a very positivie person therefore I believe she has a very strong superego.
  • Humanistic-Taylor has a strong sense of self based off of the music she produces this can be inferred. Her song mean tells of how she was bullied but is now more self confident because of it. Although some of her other songs show her need for positive self regard through boyfriends she always has a few songs mixed in there about how she is just freely living life for herself.
  • Traits-Taylor very rarely has any drama in the news which shows her agreeableness and her positive outlook on life as her moom takes on cancer shows her openness and resiliency through tough times.


Created with images by Dvincleo - "Taylor Swift"

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