Background and Rise to Prominence
Hatshepsut was born in 1508. Hatshepsut reigned over Egypt as Queen for more than 20 years alongside her husband, Thutmose II. Hatshepsut was the only child born to the Egyptian King Thutmose I and his principal wife, Queen Ahmose. Her father died when she was 12. After his death Hatshepsut Married her half brother Thutmose II, who had a mother of a lesser wife. This was a common practise which was to ensure the purity of the royal bloodline. During the Reign of Thutmose II, Hatshepsut assumed the traditional role of Queen and Principal Wife. Thutmose II died after 15 years in Reign which made Hatshepsut a widow before she turned 30. Hatshepsut had only a daughter, Neferure, so the only male heir was an infant born to a Concubine named Isis.
Thutmose III was too young to take the throne unaided so Hatshepsut served as his regent. Originally, Hatshepsut did take this role traditionally, untill she claimed the role of pharaoh. Hatshepsut never 'usurped' the crown as Thutmose III was never deposed and was considered co-ruler throughout her life. However, it is clear that Hatshepsut was the principal ruler in power.
To assert her authority, Hatshepsut started having herself depicted in the traditional Kings kilt and crown, along with a fake beard and male body; and in no way was this an attempt to trick people into thinking she was male.
Hatshepsut depicted as king.
Hatshepsut Ability to recruit influential supporters helped in her successful transition from Queen to Pharaoh. Many of the men she chose had also been favoured officials of her father. Senenmunt was one of her most import advisors who had been among the Queen's servants. Senenmunt rose with her in power and there was some speculate that he was her lover as well.
Egypt Prospered under Hatshepsut's reign. Hatshepsut was interested in ensuring an economic prosperity and building and restoring monuments throughout Egypt and Nubia rather than conquering new lands like other rulers in her Dynasty.