Intellectual Theories in the Victorian era Tyler Dean 6th Period

Scientific and philosophical theories in the Victorian era were able to cause a progressive, driving change that would change and support England’s Empire and its intellectual movement.

One revolutionary theory, the theory of evolution, challenged the old ways of the church and supported new economic and political theories.

  • Directly challenged the creationism of the church
  • Was used to support the free market and rights of the individual and corporation
  • Was used to support the use of political force (Bismark)

Another theory, the philosophical theory of Utilitarianism, was used as a weapon as an ideological war between the church and the newer secular movement.

  • Was used by the church to explain how a creator would have made people in the correct way to be rewarded by following his will
  • Was used by the secular movement to explain away feelings of morality made without a god.

The intellectual theory of electromagnetism was used to support the intellectual movement and the expansion of the British empire.

  • Was used to expand telegraph communication systems across the British Empire
  • Founded the basics of electromagnetic waves and the entire branch of physics that branched out using the electromagnetic spectrum


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