Origin of Judaism- Judaism began in 1812 B.C during the bronze age, in the middle east. God promised the Jews a nomad leader named Abraham and he would be the father of great people if he did as he was told. Judaism is monotheistic also known as an Abrahamic religion in which made the first covenant. Judaism is the core of Christianity and Islam, they are just two different types of religions branched off of Judaism.
Judaism began when Abraham made the first covenant.
Major beliefs- They believe in the book of Torah, the first 5 chapters in the old testament. They follow 613 commandments. They worship at a synagogue with a Rabbi leading prayer.
Synagogue, a Jewish place of worship.
Various sects of the religions- Some of the branches are: Conservative Judaism, Reform Judaism, Orthodox, Kabbalah, Hasidim, Zionism and etc.
A diagram of the Judaism branches.
Key holidays and Celebrations- The Key Holidays of the Jewish Religion consist of the following: Shabbat (the Sabbath), Rosh Chodesh- Jewish New Month, Rosh Hashanah- New year, Tzom Gedalia, Yom Kippur- Day of Attonment, Sukkot- Feast of Booths (or Tabernacles), Hanukkah- 8 day celebration, feast of the lights.
This is a Hanukkiyah candle.