In the first stanza, Walt Whitman, noticed a spider. He describes the spider as being patient and noiseless. Whitman recognizes the empty surrounding the spider is in. As Whitman watches the spider, he watches the spider launch its filament, or thread like object out. The spider uses good energy while launching the filament. The spider's filament is always going.
Whitman starts to describe his soul in the second stanza. Whitman feels like his soul is disconnected in a unlimited amount of space. He is always thinking, or venturing ways, to connect his soul. His soul will wonder until he gets attached to something
Throughout the whole poem, Whitman is comparing hisself to a spider that he notices. He feels hopeless or detached from everyone. He doesn't have anyone or have a connection with anyone. He hopes at a point in time he will find the connection.