Samurai Project By: Allison Tsui p.5

The military government was established by Minamoto Yoritomo and was led by a shogun or commander-in-chief

Shogun- commander-in-chief, military leader of samurai. Daimyos- warrior-lords who helps the shogun to rule. Samurai- private armies of trained warriors for the Daimyos

Samurai has heavy armor and underneath they wore a colorful robe called a kimono and baggy trousers, shinguards made of leather or cloth protecting their legs. Samurai fought with bows and arrows, spears, and swords. The samurai's most prized weapon, however, was his sword, they were flexible but not too much it will breaK.

Samurai has extensive training. Samurai archery master practice until they could shoot accurately without thinking. The art of fencing and sword an ship, was just demanding and they had to learn how to force an to make the first move, how to stay out of range of an enemy sword, and how to fight in tight spaces or against more then one opponent.

The first stage is mental training- samurai had to learn self-control so their emotions won't overcome their when fighting like the fear of death, second was training in writing and literature- samurai were expected to be students of culture as well as fierce warriors, third is training for tea ceremony- it fostered a spirit of harmon, reverence, and calm and served as an important way to form political alliances among samurai, and the last one is training in spiritual strength- samurai were drawn to both kinds of Buddhism but mostly Zen.

Samurai were trained mentally to overcome emotions especially the fear of death and to always be ready to fight and alerted.

Bushido- the way of the warrior. The code of Bushido governed a samurai's life, it called on samurai to be honest, fair, and fearless in the face of death.

The samurai live by Zen Buddhisom which is another form of Buddhisomand appealed to many samurai because of its emphasis on effort and discipline. Unlike Amida, Zen stressed self-reliance and achieving enlightenment through meditation.

If a samurai falls to live up to the code Bushido was seppuku, or ritual suicide. Seppuku become an elaborate ceremony. The samurai prepared by taking a bath, unbinding his long hair, and putting on white clothes used for dressing a corpse, he was served his favorite foods, when finished they give him a sword, he took it and plugged it into across his stomach and a swordsman behind him cut off his head to end his agony.

Amida Buddhism- a monk named Honen said that believers could enter the pure island by prayerfully repeating Amid's name overup to 70,000 times a day, then when they died, Amind Buddha and a group of bodhisattvas would be waiting to escort him/her to the pure island. Zen Buddhism- self-reliance and achieving enlightenment through meditation. Becoming enlightened requires giving up everyday, logical thinking. To jolt the mind into enlightenment, masters posed puzzling questions called koans.

In the 12th century women in samurai society declined over time and in the 17th century samurai women were treated as inferior to their husbands.

In the 12th century when the husband dies she could inherit his property and perform the duties of a vassal, though women rarely fought they were expected to be loyal and brave as men.

By the 17th century samurai men were the unquestioned lords of their households.


Created with images by madmrmox - "mean_samurai" • madmrmox - "edo_samurai_23"

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