Civilizations of Eastern Asia Jordyn Lanham, Ann Phuong, EricNguyen

The Mongols
Politics: Genghis Khan had supreme power and established the posts of prime minister, state judge, shaman, minister, marshal and “darkhan”. Genghis also created the councils of sages and Ikh Khuraldai (general assembly) to make final decisions on state-related issues. Any outstanding issues were discussed by the council of sages which made relevant recommendations. The General Assembly discussed and took decisions on the most essential matters of war and peace. The unified Mongol state’ s basic law was a code of laws called “Ikh Zasag”. The law codified matters such as throne inheritance, relationships with foreign countries, general assemblies, rights of commoners, military force, hunting, finance, taxation, criminal and civil laws, and family law. The principles and rules given by him to the princes began to spread, becoming the customs and statesmanship heritage of the whole Mongolian nation. Genghis Khan worshipped the Eternal Blue Skies so he issued edicts ensuring the right to practice other religions and preventing religious intolerance and hostilities. He instructed his soldiers and officers to avoid destroying occupied countries’ churches and temples, and carried out policies with respect to religious persons, exempting them from taxation and military service.
Economy: The Mongol Empire's economy was pretty good: stable, tolerant, effective, and efficient overall. There were almost no problems, except for the occasional rebellions that were immediately put down, thus, it was called the Pax Mongolica. The Pax Mongolia was the period of time in which the economy, trade, as well as communication were stable and at it's highest. While the Pax Mongolica did not represent the economy of the empire during it's entire reign, it accounted for most of the Mongol empire's success during it's rule and is ultimately why the Mongols are thought of as very successful today.
Education:In 1204, Genghis Khan introduced a written script for the Mongolian language. He attached much importance to its knowledge and employed many scholars, sages and officials as his advisors.
The Japanese
Education:Formal education in Japan started when the Chinese language system was introduced into Japan in about 500 A.D. At that time only the aristocracy had access to education through schools that primarily taught Confucianism and Buddhist thought and practice. Young men usually entered the university in their early to mid-teens. When they graduated, they were placed in government positions at levels that corresponded to their success at the university.
The Koreans
Politics:Settled, literate societies on the Korean peninsula appear in Chinese records as early as the fourth century BCE. Gradually, competing groups and kingdoms on the peninsula merged into a common national identity. After a period of conflict among the “Three Kingdoms”—Koguryo in the north, Paekche in the southwest, and Silla in the southeast—Silla defeated its rivals and unified most of the Korean peninsula in 668 CE. Korea reached close to its present boundaries during the Koryo Dynasty from which its Western name “Korea” is derived. The succeeding Choson Dynasty further consolidated Korea’s national boundaries and distinctive cultural practices.
Economy:South Korea traditionally had an agricultural economy .
Education:Education in the prehistoric times mostly consisted of hunting, fishing, toolmaking, and combat. Through those lessons, people were taught to be members of society. In the period of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, the governments began to institute education. Historically, the education has been heavily influenced by Confucianism and Buddhism
The Indians
Politics: The primary motivation for tribes to settle down and form non-nomadic groups in ancient India was the development of agriculture, which allowed them to work the land instead of traveling and hunting. Once established, Indian settlements developed into republics and kingdoms that were headed by political leaders. Even in ancient times, there were some democratic elements in these governments. The raja was the supreme head of all branches. However, there were many different officials that helped the raja with bureaucratic advice. Final decisions were ultimately left to the raja. There were also civilian and military officials at the time, who received an annual salary. These officials took on a number of different record-keeping and bureaucratic duties, like recording census information and the incomes and expenditures of the forming governments. Some of these governmental groups even had spies on their payroll to engage in espionage against other groups.
Economy: There is not much to be said of the economy economy appears to have depended significantly on trade, which was facilitated by advances in transport
Education:Education in Ancient India originated with the Gurukul system. This type of ancient school in India was residential in nature with the Shishyas or students and the Guru or teacher living in proximity within the same house. The students resided together no Matthew what social status. In addition to that ancient Indian education achieved the teaching of the four Vedas, the hymns and ritual practices were seen. The Vedas included the Sanskrit language which in turn became the language of classical learning. Besides the pronunciation of the Vedas and their implication, phonology, metrics, elementary grammar, and etymology were also taught.
The Vietnamese
Political:he feature of Vietnamese history is nationalism, 1000 years were under the domination of Chinese, they adopted many cultures and traditions, art, religion,...
Economics:was the main economic base (crop, rice, fruits, etc...)
Education:As Vietnam's educational culture was sparked by Chinese influence, the roots of education come from just as the Japanese
The Thai
Political:the feature of Thailand history is an empire system, the Kings would rule, and there is a cultural linguistic group of Thai people.
Economics:rice was the main source, it made its history being flourish
Education:Formal Thai education began as early as the 13th century with the development of the Thai alphabet. Members of the male nobility and royalty were educated at the Royal Institution of Instruction, while boys of the common class often received education at Buddhist temples from highly educated monks, skilled in grammar, fine arts, medicine, law, astronomy and math.

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