Do you live in tornado alley? Or maybe Java or Sumatra? If you do, then you know that a natural disaster can happen at anytime and anywhere. You therefore have to be prepared or you'll have a tough time knowing what to do and how to cope. It is also important that governments and communities are ready to respond in these unexpected situations, and never assume that we are always able to resist them.
Jim Wallis said “Sometimes it takes a natural disaster to reveal a social disaster” This means that sometimes governments or communities are not prepared to cope with natural disasters and they can only learn when one actually happens. Jim Wallis is a christian writer and political activist.
Types Of Disasters
If you have just moved to a new place and you don’t quite understand what the natural disasters that can happen really are, then keep reading on…
The most frequent natural disasters in the world are tornadoes, earthquakes, tsunamis, and thunderstorms. Tornadoes are a rotating column of air moving at high speed. When an object gets close to the tornado, it will suck the object into the rotating column. An earthquake is when the earth’s surface shakes and vibrates which causes massive damage. Tsunamis are massive waves caused by underwater and land disturbance (earthquakes, volcanoes, meteorites, and nuclear weapons). Thunderstorms are a weather formation where lightning and thunder are produced by cumulonimbus clouds.
The 4 most dangerous natural disasters in recent recorded history are the China Flood of 1931, The Tangshan Earthquake of 1976, The Bhola Cyclone of 1970, and The Indian Ocean Earthquake And Tsunami Of 2004. These are the most dangerous since the 1930’s.
Ice And Heat Storms
The 5 different types of ice and heat storms are landslides, snow and hail storms, cold and ice storms, avalanches, and drought. Landslides are a downward movement of rock and soil debris. A snow & hail storm is usually called a blizzard, which is a massive snowstorm that is very dangerous and which can also cause flooding. Cold & ice storms are known as freezing rain. An avalanche can create a mass of snow and debris that destroys everything in it’s path as it rushes down a hillside. And finally droughts are unexpected periods with no rainfall which results in shortage of water leading to drought.
There are a number of other types of natural disasters which are linked to global warming, and plague or pestilence and disease. Global warming is now thought to be linked to human activities which may be playing a part of the heating cycle this means that humans are giving off gases into the atmosphere that makes the earth warmer. Plague occurs in many different forms such as zika, ebola and bubonic plague which was spread by rats. Finally, volcanoes are a landform created by magma from the earth’s interior which penetrates through weakness in the earth’s surface.