Why does gender pay gap exist?
According to European commission, the causes of the gender pay gap in Europe can be grouped into the following types, which are usually interrelated:
- The undervaluing of women's work
- Traditions and stereotypes
- Segregation in the labor market
- Wage structure/composition of pay
- Reconciliation of work or private life
Women’s right protector Baia Pataraia thinks that Knowledge on gender pay gap is lacking, because the topic is still new. Pataraia says problem related to pay gap doesn’t have one perfect solution, as it is formed based on many aspects in Georgia, but according to Pataraia, the basic legal regulations that directly outlaw gender pay gap, doesn’t exist, therefore, changes should probably start with legislation. She admits that most people do not believe that there is unequal pay for equal work or direct wage discrimination.
“People think that men just have better and highly paid jobs,” Pataraia said.
Natalia & Giorgi from Tbilisi
Natalia Tarkhan-Mouravi, 23 lives in Tbilisi and works as a content manager at the advertising company. She understands that gender pay gap is a huge problem, but she also thinks that women don’t have to shut their eyes on it. They have to complain and strive to fix it. Natalia is familiar with this problem, because she has noticed how the clients are more confident and trustier with boys at the workplace. “The problem is real and it was always present,” she says.
Her colleague Giorgi says that gender pay gap is a global problem and need to be fixed. It is important to make rules and behave in a way that is fair to everyone.
Gogi & Nata from Svaneti
Mountain guides Gogi Chartolani and Nata Japaridzeare both fromMestia, Svaneti. They are busy with taking tourists up in the mountains during the Summer and Winter.
During the working season ]they both earn approximately 700-870 GEL(220-270USD) per day. Both are being paid equally. Nata Japaridzedoesn’t feel any discomfort while working and when communicating with the heads of Guide office or with her colleagues. She thinks girls have a power and they should manifest it. She said in the beginningboys tried to help her to carry heavy things, but then she proved that she can do it by herself, therefore, no one is offering a help anymore.
“I’m lucky, because everyone is equal here, in the mountains,” Japaridze says.
Ani & Giorgi from Kakheti
Ani and Giorgi are winemakers from Kakheti. They live and work in Telavi region. 24 year-old Ani doesn’t have a farm or any resources to build her own vineyard on her family land. “I was always confused, why was being a farmer or a sommelier a man’s job?” She is still searching the answer for this question. Today she is working in a small vineyard, learning many things about producing wine and working in that field. Her monthly salary is 300 GEL or 95 USD. Ani’s colleague 26 year-old Giorgi thinks that the problem doesn’t exist, he believes, “Men should earn much more money than women.”