JugGling Happiness and Despair-the 1920s-30s By: Sadie Walker

Home Life during the 1930s:

Women Take the Reins at Home During The Depression

Women in house baking to help her family live during the depression. Through this hard time, she still manages to have a smile on her face.

Children Are Prone to Diseases

A sick child that unfortunately caught a disease, since children during this time were often prone to many illnesses

Americans ate at dirty tables. They lived in old houses that started to peel apart. The glimmering cities of the past reflected through the windows as the rural life glistened through the floorboards. Wealthy families dined in elegance while ignoring the cries of help from the poor. Middle class removed their expensive items and learned to make do. See that pork, it had been dinner for one week. The mother stayed home and worked, she told her children to adjust their needs. Cooking, the women of the household took control. The food she made, saved the family from their daily dose of starvation. Out in the shining sun, Mexican immigrants sweated like pigs. They came from Mexico looking for work. They found the work they desired, but, not the housing. Some had to live on migrant farms or lonely on the road. Hoovervilles over the distance cared for the outrageously poor, along with the soup kitchens, as the people waited in line for their dinner, lunch, and breakfast. Trains would pass, carrying people who rode the rails looking for work, since work was scarce during the troubling time.

Okievilles and Okies

A sad looking Okieville that housed lots of migrant farmers from Oklahoma and the Midwest after the disasters of the Dust Bowls. These farmers were called Okies and did not have a "fun" time in these camps.

What could you afford during the 1930s? Well, maybe, a house!

Here is one of the typical American homes during the 1930s. You can see that it looks a little small but, it was what most American families could afford during this time, so they would not have to sell it in the future.

Leisure Time in the 1930s

Communication with the Radio

A family gathers around radio in living room. Radios were very important during this time, they were an important mean of connection for all Americans

The city glistened in the snow covering the fun times of the past. Dancing the Charleston, listening to Jazz, and walking into secret speakeasies were now things of the past. The rise of modern conveniences created excitement through the 1920s. More people bought things. Consumerism was at the highest, but, during the Depression, lots of stores boxed up and closed. Prohibition was also now a thing of the past. Prohibition divided the nation in two. But, now the nation was coming back together as Jazz was playing. African Americans got more representation in music just like they did during the 1920s with the Harlem Renaissance. The smooth sound of the trumpet and the piano soothed Americans out of the despair and disarray they were living in. The theater and the cinema were Americans’ homes away from home.

Want to go to the Cinema?

Many Americans went to the Movies to see films such as this one: King Kong. Movies also were a means of "escape" during this time

Dance the Night Away

People also loved to dance their sorrows away during the 1930s.

Do You Hear the Jazz Band Playing?

Just as with dance and the movies, Americans listened to Jazz to escape from the hard reality of the Depression. Jazz also was considered a way to break down the walls that separated Americans.

Economy in the 1930s

Did You Read The News?

Many newspapers printed out of similar headlines telling the nation that the stock market had crashed, as the nation was brought into complete panic.

Starting From Scratch

Many people were left on the streets since they had lost everything and had to start from scratch, just like this man.

The nation turned down a path that was only pointed toward desperation. The stock market burst open creating havoc and panic as everyone lost millions of dollars that were in banks and stocks. Farmers were in distress as they overproduced left and right. Dust brewed and they had to leave their homes. Along with that, Stockbrokers went bankrupt. Prices of things dropped drastically. The economy that was booming in the past decade crumpled to disaster. You saw many of people outside on the streets, since the number of people becoming unemployed rose dramatically. The nation needed a holiday and Franklin Delano Roosevelt created the National Bank Holiday, which steered America in the right direction. This holiday helped people start trusting the banks again. FDR passed many laws to help the nation back on its feet. But, WW11 truly shaped America into the shape it is currently now.

Business People

Stockbrokers and Bankers were very common in the 20s (since everyone was buying on credit/buying stock), but, not so much in the 30s (since everyone tried to stay as far away from the banks as possible)

Dust Storms are a'brewing

Dust Bowls were also very common in the Midwest as the topsoil from crops, which were badly planted in the 1920s, caused the soil to float into the air creating the deadly Dust Storms.

Role of Government in the 1930s

Government came out of hiding, but abandoned the idea of laissez faire in the process. The past three presidents, all Republicans, were more for business and less for the people. Herbert Hoover tried many laws but they never truly helped America. For instance, the “Bonus Army” (an “army” of veterans who were promised a bonus in 1949), wanted their bonus early so, they marched for it. Herbert Hoover hid in the white house and sent the military after them, which turned the march violent. However, when FDR passed the New Deal Programs, they improved the shattered economy of America.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

The president during most of the Depression was named Franklin Delano Roosevelt( or FDR). He helped the U.S. out of the crisis (somewhat). He passed the New Deal and helped the nation have a optimistic outlook, just like they used to have in the 1920s.

Herbert Hoover

The president previous to FDR, Herbert Hoover, however did not help America. The poor were still poor and America was still in huge heap of distress and disarray. Also, many people, socialized poor things with Hoover (an example: Hoovervilles)

FSA Camps Established by the Government

Family of two at one of the many FSA Camps established by the government where many migrant farmers and mexican immigrants lived.

Bonus Army Wants Their Pay

Veterans (called the Bonus Army) marched for their promised pay for their services in World War 1 to be collected early. But, this march turned violent when Herbert Hoover didn’t do anything about it, he just sent military to end the march.

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.