GENERAL INFORMATION ON SCHOOLS
Education in Russia is obligatory for children between the ages of 6 and 15. It consists of primary school education for ages 6-10, followed by senior school for ages 10-15. If a pupil of secondary school wishes to go on in higher education, he or she must remain to complete secondary school for 2 more years, from ages 15-17. Primary and secondary school includes 11 years of study. Every school has a core curriculum of academic subjects. After completing this stage, pupils are awarded the Attestat o Srednem (Polnom) Obshchem Obrazovanii (Certificate of Secondary Complete General Education).
MORE ABOUT SCHOOLS
At 15 years old, children may choose to enter a vocational school or non-university institute and classwork often means: reciting, written and oral testing. Criticism by the teacher in front of the class is frequent. If a student does not perform to standard, they will be ‘left back’ to remain another year.
SCHOOL HOURS AND HOLIDAY
- The Russian school year is comprised of 4 terms with vacations in between; 1 week in November, 2 weeks in January, 1 week in March and nearly 3 months in summer. School is held from September 1 until the final week of May, with exams in June.
- The school day normally starts at 8 a.m. and finishes at 1 or 2 in the afternoon. Students generally attend class 5 days a week, although some schools require extra study on Saturdays.
- A typical lasts 40 - 45 minutes with a 5 -15 minute break in between. In primary school students have 4 classes a day. This increases to 5 or 6 classes a day in secondary school, and 6 or 7 at a senior high school.
- A normal class consists of 20-30 students. In primary school, pupils have one teacher for all the subjects taught.
SUBJECTS AND GRADES
- Some subjects are mandatory such as Russian literature, Russian language, Russian history, world history and the maths and sciences. In addition, there are specialized schools that concentrate on specific subjects.
- Students are normally graded on a scale from 2 - 5, with 5 being the top grade. Each student has his or her “diary”; a personal book of academic achievements in which teachers record the given grades.