Fish, fish and more fish! What to do with it?
Canada has an extremely rich history of fishing and hunting, but a even richer future as long as we can sustain how much we fish. Canada alone has some of the most valuable commercial fishing industries in the world. Just this industry alone provides Canada with $5 billion a year and $6 billion in 2015. On top of this, commercial fishing also provides up to 120,000 jobs. Canada has Approximately 1500 fishing communities in rural and coastal areas all contributing to the $5 billion made every year. Why so much? Canada exports about 75% of what we catch to Brazil, china, European countries and about 63% of the 75% goes to USA. Many countries don't have lobster, snow (queen) crab, Atlantic salmon and shrimp which is why it's so valuable for us to sell. In other words this contributes to a healthy economy. For the 25% of seafood we do keep, what we do with it is most of that is taken to be processed for restaurants or grocery stores across Canada to be sold to fellow Canadians.
Canada is lucky to have many different locations to fish from, common fishing areas being the west coast as well as the east coast. But, Canada has many not so common ones too, such as the Manitoba commercial fishing industry. Who would have thought that a land locked province would be able to supply 25% of Canada's fresh water catch! But not only does it supply that much fish, having these fisheries in all sorts of areas also means that there will be jobs available. The Manitoba commercial fishing industry alone provides close to 3,600 jobs. This means that by having more jobs we are able to build the economy, as well as make Canada money by exporting the the fresh water catch.
Learning to fish...
The most common way of commercially fishing in Canada is by having a fishing boat/ship and casting a huge net into the water. There are many different ways and patterns to gathering the fish. Although each time you cast your net, you've just spent money that could have or is your profit. This is why most of the fishers you see have been fishing for years, and know their stuff. In many fishing boats they have a radar that can sense movement in the water, this is how fishermen are able to track large schools of fish and not waste time. But this can also lead to over-fishing by having such great technology.
Lake Winnipeg is a lake located in the province of Manitoba. This lake is important to Canada because it is the largest contributor to Canada's commercially landed fish, it's of great value to us, mainly because of the 13 species commercially harvested, pickerel (walleye), Sauger, lake whitefish, northern pike, and yellow perch are the most highly valued species to sell. which means we can charge more for it. But above all, many generations of people have been living off this lake for years and years, this lake is what brings them money to support their families and is what gives them a sense of pride.
Manufacturing our catch!
The great thing with fishing is there are really only 3 industries when you think about it. Primary-"fishing", secondary-"manufacturing" & tertiary-"selling". After it's been caught the manufactures can turn it into a bunch of things, like the omega 3 pills/tablets come from fish, fish fillets and fish sticks or even just fresh fish. Once it's done being manufactured/processed it's now ready for the consumers AKA us!!! The fish gets sent to stores and restaurants in Canada and over seas.
C C C CONS!
Among all the great things this industry does for the country, like everything there are cons. Unfortunately these are some serious cons on top of that. Over-fishing is probably the biggest problem with commercial fishing .
google definition Over-fishing: Over-fishing can occur in water bodies of any sizes, such as ponds, rivers, lakes or oceans, and can result in resource depletion, reduced biological growth rates and low biomass levels.
My definition: Over-fishing is simply a word to describe how bad humans have messed up the ocean ecosystem. over-fishing is caused by human greed to fish faster then fish can naturally reproduce.
Over-fishing is a serious matter because when we fish till the point that the species is on the verge of extinction, that means that the ecosystem now has to work harder to maintain order and balance. The Food and Agriculture Organization has estimates that about 70% of the world’s fish species have been completely exploited or depleted. That's not the end of it, once we have completely ran out of that species we now can't make money off of it. Then those 120.000 people who have a job won't. Another problem with over-fishing is when fishermen cast the net and leave it there for a few days, it causes another problem because then other species will naturally get caught. When a person naturally catches other species while fishing it is called "bycatch", and the more you fish the more bycatch you will have caught. The amount of bycatch caught keeps on adding up. This is why over-fishing is such a big deal. Most fishermen will harm the bycatch with no respect and then through the fish backinto the water of it'll end up dead.
NO MONEY MADE = NO JOBS = BAD ECONOMY
So called "solution"
The so called "solution" created for this problem wasn't to allow fish to reproduce in the wild naturally, it was breed them in containment. Which may not sound so bad, I mean we breed all farm animals so what makes this worse? Well its the fact that it doesn't solve the ocean ecosystem problem, and it starts new problems such as "Irresponsible Fish Farming". Irresponsible fish farming is when you are a irresponsible fish farmer. Aquaculture seems like a good idea, but it has too many flaws to sustain the fish stocks. Many operations are poorly kept and many chemical and nutrient pollution can occur quite easily due to the fish feed, excrement, and medication/drugs can all be released into the environment harming other species in the process. Tense contaminating the ocean water. Because fish farms can be built in any body of water it could be harming especially in fresh water bodies such as lakes. Because its fresh water the only thing that cleans the water is the ecosystem that lives in it. Unfortunately that ecosystem can not sustain the water quality if there are fish byproducts that just sit there and are not being dealt with naturally or by man. This could also harm human health as well especially if a community consumes their water supply from that body of water. Health as a whole is major aspect with this "solution's" because it also causes fish health problems. Many fish can get diseases from the drugs or feed that they are fed which can transmit to other fish in the net or if a fish where to escape it could transmit that diseases to a wild fish and the 'snow ball affect would appear.
The worst part is it doesn't stop there, there are tons of problems with commercially fishing. Here are some other cons; ghost fishing, garbage, Acidification, dead zones, Mercury Pollution, offshore drilling, and etc...
actual solution + how can we sustain it?
Actual solution should be to locate where the spawning point(s) is/are for the fish and have clear laws to ensure that the fishing industry will not be able to over-fish and create anti fishing zones around the spawning points so that the natural environment of which the new fish will spawn in will not be contaminated and it won't be disturbed by human interaction. This would work because then the fish are able to naturally reproduce and not pollute the environment with the waste and chemicals that are produced from aquaculture. If we can mange to only catch a percentage of what was breaded, we'll be able to sustain the fish species and the quality of the fish itself. By doing this it will ensure a more sustainable future for Canadians and the fishing industry. By having free range fish it will be a healthier, tastier and more valuable product, which will be better for Canadians, exports and profits.