The origins of Judaism lie in Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob which are known as Patriarchs to the religion. They are both physical and spiritual ancestors of Judaism. They founded the religion now known as Judaism, and their descendants are the Jewish people. Judaism is a monotheistic religion and in fact, was the first major religion to believe in one God.
One major belief in Judaism is that they believe God will someday send a messiah who will redeem them from exile and usher in an era of world peace. They believe in one God, who because the universe is framed in love, requires justice in human beings. In Judaism they also have many symbols that are important to their religion. One of them is the menorah, which is used in the celebration of Hanukkah, commemorating the dedication of the Temple of Jerusalem. Another symbol is the Torah. The Torah tells the five books of Moses, which tell the story of the origins of the Jews and explain Jewish laws.
Various Sects of Judaism
Jewish religious movements, include different groups which have developed among Jews from ancient times. Now a days the main division is between the Orthodox, Reform, and Conservative lines, with several smaller movements alongside them.
Key Holidays and Celebrations
One of the most important celebration is the Shabbat. It is the day of rest and weekly observance of God's completion of creation. Starting on a Friday night, an hour before sunset, it lasts for 25 hours until sunset on Saturday night. Another celebration is Yom Kippur. It is the holiest day in the Jewish calendar. During it, Jews do not eat or drink for 25 hours. The purpose is to reflect on the past year and gain forgiveness from God for one's sins. It is celebrated in September or October. These are only two of the many holidays and celebrations of Judaism.
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