Causes of the Revolution
There are many reasons why the French Revolution started, and one of those reasons is because of inequalities in society. Back then the social nod political structure was called Old Oder, where under the old order, the king was at the top, and the three social groups called the Estates were under him, at the bottom.at the time of Revolution, King Louis XVI was the king. He was shy and indecisive but not cruel, however, on the other hand his queen, Marie Antoinette, was frivolous and self-indulgent. She really liked lavish parties and fancy clothing while a lot of the common people wore rags because they were so poor and couldn't afford anything.
The rest of the French society was divided into classes, called the Estates. Those estates varied widely in what they contributed to France through both work and taxes.
The first Estates consisted up of the Roman Catholic clergy, which was about one percent of the whole population. They were the lucky ones because neither the clergy nor the Roman Catholic Church had to pay taxes. About ten percent of the Frances land belonged to the Roman Catholic Church. Through this, the Bishops and some other higher clergy controlled this wealth and became very rich.
The second Esate consisted up of nobility, which was about less then two percent of the whole population. Even though the nobility controlled much of the country's wealth, they still had to pay few taxes. The nobility held key positions in the government and military.
And finally, the third Estate, by far the largest group of people, consisted of 97% of the whole population. The third Estate was itself made up of several groups. At the top of the third Estate were the bourgeoisie, the city-dwelling merchants, factory owners, and professionals such as lawyers and doctors. The bourgeoisie did not have a role in the government, however, some of them were highly educated and quite rich. Their wealth however did not buy them any influence in the government. Below the bourgeoisie were the artisans and workers of the cities, called the Sans Culottes. They were the shoemakers, carpenters, bricklayers, dress makers, and laborers. By any chance, if they lost their jobs or did not have a job, they went hungry and died. And finally, at the very bottom of the third Estate were the peasants who farmed the nobles fields. Those were the people that not only payed rents and fees to the land owners, but they also paid a tenth of their income to the church. Those people had to perform labor and because of that, many peasants were miserably poor and had no hope for a better life. As you can clearly see, because of the inequalities in the society, this was one of the causes of the French Revolution. This inequality was not successful because this was one of the causes of the Revolution.
Napoleon Bonaparte was a ruthlessly ambitious young man, where the turmoil of the French Revolution gave him a prime opportunity to rise quickly to power. Within a short period of time, he rose from a mere army captain to becoming the ruler of France. I believe that Napoleon was a hero because he was a brilliant military leader who achieved many early successes. For instance, in about 1793, Napoleon forced British troops out of the port of Toulon, and then the following year he won a dazzling victory over Austrian troops in Holy. As you can clearly see, Napoleon was successful man, therefore he is a leader in my eyes.
The French Revolution impacted other countries in various ways. In Europe, the revolution led to a series of wars between various countries and she French. It also led to the rise of Napoleon and the empire he wo, albeit briefly.