Essential Rules of Basic Photography ashley Domansi

Declutter the background, zoom in tight to eliminate background "distractions", or change your angle so your subject remains the focus of your image.


The first picture focuses on the ladybug, which is what stands out the most at the center of the photograph. The exposure of this picture is neither too exposed nor not exposed enough. The lighting was also not a problem, however, I think it could be further improved. The depth of field is quite shallow as the background is completely blurred out. The focus is pointed directly to the ladybug, ignoring every other element. The red coming from the ladybug contrasts with its green surroundings, which makes the color benefit the subject of the photograph. However, the red does not seem to stand out well enough, so I would try to enhance that color through Photoshop.


Frame your image with the subject off center it's more pleasing to the eye and appears more natural than placing the subject in the center.

The direction of attention in this photo is the butterfly and the flower. These two are the only things on focus as the depth of field is shallow, making the whole background completely blurred out. The lighting allows the bright color of the flower to contrast with the simple brown and black combination of the butterfly. emphasizing the two subjects.


This direction of attention goes towards Kathy, since she is at the center and the lines of the wall point towards her. The exposure of this photograph does not seem to be a problem. As for the focus, Kathy is at focus while the background is a little blurred, so the depth of field is appropriate. The light is also not a problem as there is no hard light shining upon Kathy's face. It is preferred to keep this photo in color rather than in black and white since the tone of this picture isn't serious or dramatic. I didn't apply the rule of thirds in this picture because the leading lines, added with the subject being centered, makes Kathy stand out the most.

Use architectural lines - walls, fences, roads, or any lines to lead the eye through the photograph and draw attention toward the main subject.


Create a sense of movement by adding active space ( the area your subject is facing ) and eliminating dead space ( the area behind your subject ).

The direction of attention in the middle photograph is the bird as it stands out the most from the other few elements presented in the photograph. It is also the one being focused on the most. The branches are not as clear, especially the ones further away from the bird. The exposure could be better because it is underexposed, so the overall color of the picture is limited. I applied the rule of thirds here, which is effective because it makes the picture seem more natural. To improve this picture, I would want to get closer to the bird to put more focus onto it, and also improve the exposure to brighten up the mood.

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