The Global City how governments and bring change

Identify one process/actor of economic globalisation and some of the ways in which it positively and negatively imposes change in a global city

Barangaroo and Cabramatta are two cultural hubs that are heavily influenced by the government at the federal, state, and local levels. Two key issues faced by these communities is inequality in the region and a sense of citizenship within the community.

Above: Barangaroo Reserve. Guided tours are available from the Barangaroo Delivery Authority, providing a much more immersive experience of Indigenous culture. Left: Sydney Golden Wattle. One of the many native plants to the Sydney Basin. The Indigenous community uses this plant mainly for hunting, creating soap out of leaves to mask their scent and also used for fishing. Right: International Tower One. One of the three towers in the financial district of Barangaroo South. Situated right next to the waterfront, many offices and apartments have been purchased by large corporations or investors.

Barangaroo, located in the heart of Sydney, is a financial and cultural hub showcasing indigenous history and traditions. The Barangaroo Delivery Authority, an agency of the NSW government, provides guided tours of the reserve in the north and manages the development of high-rise buildings in the business district towards the south. Although development by government has benefited this region greatly, directly next door is Millers Point, a suburb filled with lower class residents who cannot afford housing elsewhere. Many dwellings are now unoccupied, with the government relocating residents to other accommodation and selling these properties to investors (Darcy 2014). As the lower working class is relocated out of this area, there have been many demonstrations by the local community, attempting to stop the relocation by the government, though with little success. Thus, the lower working class has received the short-end of the stick whilst the upper-class investors are able to outright purchase these properties.

A snapshot of Millers Point, taken from Barangaroo Reserve. The public housing dwellings are juxtaposed by the financial district in the background, highlighting severe effects of inequality. Many of these properties are being sold as investment opportunities due to its waterfront view, generating high revenue for the government. However most of this funding has not been put back into the local community, forcing low income earners to move out further away from the CBD.
Taken at High St, Millers Point. Many lower working class citizens have been relocated due to the NSW Government's sales of these properties. The local community has established many public demonstrations in the past, gathering much media attention. However these demonstrations and media attention has slowed down as residents are relocated.

Contrastingly, Cabramatta has positively benefited from government influence. With a history for organised crime and Australia’s first political assassination (Caines 2014), Cabramatta has been viewed in a negative light until recently. With increased government involvement and funding, Cabramatta has been able to transform itself from a crime-filled town into a bustling global city.

Many of these signs and several CCTV cameras can be sighted along Freedom Plaza. With the increase of security, the community is much more safer and friendlier. Although Cabramatta is still seen as a dangerous place in the views of some people, the state and local government has been drastically changing that image by hosting various multicultural events and tours promoting the local community.

Cabramatta is now currently one of the biggest Asian cultural hubs in Australia. Due to a high concentration of Asian migrants, Fairfield council now runs many cultural events including the Chinese Moon Festival. These events have allowed the local economy to thrive from an influx of tourists experiencing Asian culture. International franchises and financial institutions are scattered around Cabramatta, allowing the community to do their personal and international transactions easily without the need for travel. As Wise (2011) states, signage in languages that are used by the local citizens brings the whole community together, creating a sense of citizenship.

Freedom Plaza. Many major events are held here at the city centre, including the Chinese Moon Festival. The Chinese Moon Festival in particular attracts many tourists around Sydney, generating revenue for the local community, whilst also teaching visitors about Chinese culture. With a diverse community of peoples from different nationalities and backgrounds, Cabramatta can be considered as one of the multicultural capitals of Australia.
A historical mural has been constructed to commemorate the history of Cabramatta. Significant milestones are listed here, allowing visitors to learn about the development and improvement of Cabramatta. By learning the history of the city, visitors will be able to empathise with the local community, bringing everybody together as a society.

References

Caines, K. 2014, From syringe drug capital to fine-food mecca, Cabramatta is a community transformed, viewed 11 April 2017, <http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/newslocal/news/from-syringe-drug-capital-to-finefood-mecca-cabramatta-is-a-community-transformed/news-story/c9f8bb7e19c37781d97d08577e438f96>

Darcy, M. and Rogers, D. (2015) ‘Place, political culture and post-Green Ban resistance: Public housing in Millers Point, Sydney’, Cities, vol. 57, pp. 47-54

Wise, A. (2011) 'Foreign signs and multicultural belongings on a diverse shopping street', Built Environment, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 139-152

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