According to the the Jewish Bible known as the Torah, Abraham is the father of Judaism. Abraham was born 4,000 years ago and one of the first to believe in only one god. Judaism was first founded in the area of the Middle East around Jerusalem. Judaism has branched out into Orthodox (most traditional) , Reform, Conservative, Reconstruction.
Jewish Bible known as the Torah
Judaism has their own holy book known as the Torah which consists the 5 books of Moses. it explains the rules of the Jews. To practice their religion, Jews go to a Synagogue. It is a smaller building than a church. The leader of each synagogue is the Rabbi. The Rabbi studies then teaches the Jewish laws.
Sects of Judaism
Prior to the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE, Jews of the Roman province of Judaea were divided into several movements, sometimes warring among themselves: Sadducees, Pharisees, Essenes, and Zealots.
Traditions and Holidays
A very famous Jewish religion is Hanukkah which is celebrated for 8 days starting on the 25th of December. Every day a candle is lit. These candles are placed on the Menorah. The Jewish new year is known as the Rash Hashanah. Yom Kippur is one of the biggest holidays. It is the Jewish day of atonement. We are not familiar with many of these holidays.
This is the Menorah. The 8 candles lit on Hanukkah.