Yugoslav Wars (Third Balkan War) BY: Austin reifsteck and ruben hurtado

IMMEDIATE AND LONG TERM CAUSES: -- The parliaments of Slovenia and Croatia declared independence -- The Yugoslav Army (JNA) intervenes -- After a ten-day conflict the JNA withdrew from Slovenia. -- In Croatia, Serbian troops moved to fight on the side of Croatia's ethnic Serb rebels -- Meanwhile in Bosnia, Muslims and Croats organized an independence referendum.
IMMEDIATE AND LONG TERM CAUSES CONT'D: -- Bosnia won international recognition on April 6, 1992. -- Bosnian Serbs, led by Radovan Karadzic and backed by the JNA, immediately Bosnian Serbs launched a widespread conflict -- Shortly afterwards, Bosnian Croats turned against the Muslims or Bosniaks --The three sides fought each other for another three-and-a-half years.
IMPORTANT PEOPLE: -- Slobodan Milošević - 1st President of Serbia, 3rd President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia -- Fikret Abdić - President of the Autonomous Province of Western Bosnia -- Franjo Tuđman - First president of Croatia -- Alija Izetbegović - First President of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina -- Ibrahim Rugova - First President of the Republic of Kosovo
BACKGROUND: -- Communist Yugoslavia, born at the end of World War II, was made up of six republics: Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia, Montenegro and Macedonia. -- Following the death of its autocratic leader Josip Broz Tito in 1980, with bickering between various ethnic groups and the rise of nationalism. -- Slovenia and Croatia, immediately started advocating decentralisation of Yugoslavia. -- But the largest republic Serbia, led by Slobodan Milosevic, fiercely insisted on further centralisation. -- Milosevic rallied fellow Serbs throughout Yugoslavia with calls for "all Serbs in one state"
WHAT ACTUALLY HAPPENED: -- The conflicts in Croatia and Bosnia claimed more than 120,000 lives. -- Bosnia's capital Sarajevo was under siege for 44 months -- At least 10,000 were killed by sniping and shelling from Serbs in the surrounding mountains. -- Thousands of people were held in camps on all three sides, where many were tortured, starved or executed. -- More than 20,000 women, were raped. -- Worst atrocity occurred in July 1995 -- The Croatian town of Vukovar
FUTURE EVENTS INFLUENCED BY THE WAR: -- Milošević is put on trial in The Hague on charges of war crimes in Kosovo -- Kosovo became an independent country
POP CULTURE INFLUENCE: --There is no known pop cultural events or ideas that were made from the Yugoslav War.


Created with images by WonderWhy7439 - "ex-yugoslavia-countries" • WonderWhy7439 - "ex-yugoslavia-countries" • stephanie_in_love - "untitled image" • geralt - "war harmony circuit" • Pexels - "abstract aged architecture" • Ellenvd - "Texture 94" • puppaluppa - "Texture"

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