World War I Created by: JaCob Gunderson and vinny eHnstrom

Causes of WWI
  • Serbia and Austria Hungary tensions began shortly after the war between 1878. Austria Hungary obtained control of two small Balkan kingdoms, Bosnia and Herzegonia. Serbia saw Bosnia as their own, which caused tensions to further develop.
  • Eventually Italy joined Austria Hungary and Germany in an alliance, and Great Britain joined an alliance with France and Russia. These alliances created the risk of a bigger conflict between alliances, leading to the cause of a future conflict.
  • In June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand visited Sarajevo, the Bosnian Capital. During the Archduke's visit, a Serbian nationalist by the name Gavrilo Princp, killed both the Archduke and his wife. This caused Austria Hungary to immediately declare war on Serbia. With this, Germant offered support to Austria Hungary and Russia started to offer support to Serbia.
Causes for United States entry into entry
  • Navy Blockade- The naval blockade placed by Great Britain consisted of mines and was placed near Germany. The Blockade lead to multiple ships by being searched by the navy, which Preisdent Woodrow Wilson saw as a violation of neutrality.
  • German Warzone- The German navy had placed a Warzone around Great Britain. With this, any ships to enter the Warzone were to be attacked by torpedo missiles. Several instances such as the attack on a British passenger liner on May 7th 1915, killed Americans passing through which lead preisdnt Wilson to demand an ultimatum. Multiple countries disagreed with this as an ultimatum would mean that a iuntry is not neutral.
  • Zimmerman Note- On March 1st, 1917, a note was published in multiple American newspapers on a telegram intercepted depicting Germany's plan with Mexico. Germany had proposed that they could offer support in gaining land back, with the states of Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico. This infuriated Americans, leading Wilson to ask for a declaration of war after weeks of waiting.
Profile of American Soldier
  • "Doughboy"- American soldiers were commonly called doughboys. This nickname was given because as American soldiers moved across the dusty terrain, they obtained a dusty, flour, look. Most soldiers were between the ages of 18-30, with the average age of soldiers being around 20 years old.
  • Infantry- regular infantry were referred to as doughboys. The basic infantry carried necessities such as a canvas field kit on their backs. The field kit had a easily accessible ammo pouch due to a waist design. Soldiers also carried gas masks to protect against mustard gas or other toxins. Many soldiers did not like to carry so much weight but knew it was necessary for survival.
Battle Summary
  • The Battle of Somme, taking place in northern France was a battle fought by the British andNFrench empires against the German Empire. This battle lasted about four months in the summer months of 1916.

• The allied powers advance was fueled by the need to exhaust enemy reserves, thus resulting in about 60,000 British casualties in only a single day. Introduced in the First World War were many new deadly weapons such as machine guns, tanks and even poison gas.

•The battle is notable for the importance of air power and the first use of tanks in live military combat, tanks were introduced by the allies in effort to counter the already introduced and terrifying machine guns.

• The results of this battle in its entirety was over 1 million total dead British, French and German soldiers.

Home Front experiences
  • Life at home during war had many complications, taxes were raised, civilians were urged to conserve fuel and fuel, as well as plant "victory gardens" to save food for soldiers.

• American industries found themselves short of workers due to most male employees going overseas. The labor shortage overall strengthened unions country wide and had a huge upbringing for women in the labor force. Many women took over many traditional male jobs as a result of war. An estimated 1.5 million female workers entered the workforce at this time.

• Many U.S. Citizens volunteered during the time of war as well, giving large cash donations helping the economy in its time of need.

• Minorities had a tough time during war hundreds of thousands of African Americans moved northward to escape discrimination, difficult living and working conditions. Those who didn't go to war but were able to often were not given jobs from patriotic employers.

Outcomes of WWI

• The allied victory clinched in 1918 was a long and brutal process. United States soldiers led attacks advancing their way through German held territory for more than three months as a final attempt to end the war for good.

• With the war finally over the Treaty of Versailles was put into act exactly five years from the day of Archduke Franz Ferdinand's assassination, declaring piece between the Germany and the allied powers. Germany’s colonies and the Ottoman Empire were divided among the Allied nations, as well as required "Germany to accept the responsibility of its self and her allies for causing all the loss and damage" during the war.

• Also resulting from the war were what's known as Woodrow Wilson's 14 points. This program was designed to spread world piece, address self-determination, people's right to govern themselves and various territorial disputes created by the war.

• Austria-Hungary, Germany, the Ottoman Empire, Russia, and Bulgaria all had lost land as a result of the wars end.

• As a result of the treaty of Versailles and the London schedule of payments in 1921 Germany was required to pay 12.5 billion U.S. Dollars in reparations to damage done during the war.

• It is estimated that more than 8.5 million soldiers died during World War 1. An even higher number suffered from battle-inflicted wounds.

Credits:

Created with images by Shiloh National Military Park - "Doughboy" • The National Guard - "Minnesota National Guard" • Chris., - "World War 1 World War 2 re-enactors Rotherham (115)" • Chris., - "World War 1 World War 2 re-enactors Rotherham (108)"

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