The exact birth date of Andrea Mantegna is unknown but it is believed to be somewhere around 1431 in Isola Carturo, Italy. While Mantegna made most of his paintings, he lived in Padua, Italy. When he was around the age of thirty, Andrea Mantegna moved to Mantua, Italy where he spent the rest of his life until he passed on September 13, 1506.
Training and Education
Andrea Mantegna was adopted by Francesco Squarcione around the age of ten. Mantegna's art was recognized from a young age which caused Squarcione to take him in. Francesco Squarcione was a teacher of the arts and he specialized in painting. He was an apprentice to the young artist and he treated him like he was his own son, as so people thought. In 1448, Mantegna wanted to open his own workshop so he was emancipated from the adoption. Andrea Mantegna claimed that his "father" made lots of money from his artwork but he was never repaid. At the age of 17, he was on his own to do whatever he shall please.
Andrea Mantegna was interested as a young child and adult about history of the classical period, religion and literature. Mantegna like to these interests as inspirations for his paintings. 'Triumphs of Caesar' was based on the rule of Caesar, the first emperor of Rome.
Andrea Mantegna was known for his paintings using the fresco technique and engravings. The Assumption, Martyrdoms of Saints James and Christopher and Triumphs of Caesar were some of his more popular works. During World War II, unfortunately a bomb struck The Assumption and Martyrdoms of Saints James and Christopher ruining the frescoes completely.
Andrea Mantegna had a handful of patrons as an artist. His first was Ludovico Gonzaga. Gonzaga limited his travel but Mantegna went against his wishes, meeting famous artists like Donatello and Fra Filippo Lippi. Giovan Francesco II Gonzaga, Mantegna's next patron, pushed him to explore Classicism. Pope Innocent VIII also commissioned the artist.