Getting Religous RELIGIOUS sacred sites and architecture

Christianity

Anglican church in England

12/6/16

The Anglican Church in England is one of the most beautiful churches built. It is very large and tall with lots of stained glass windows. All churches in the world have a cross on top of it symbolizing that it is a christian church or is inhabited by Christians. The Church has two large towers in the front and two large towers in the back. Each tower has 4 pointed tips, one on each corner. The church had had different aged bricks on the outside that gave the church kind of a rustic feeling. The stained glass windows are magnificent and are well supported. As I walked through the inside of the church I saw some paintings of Jesus Christ and Mary and Joseph. The murals of the building were absolutely beautiful.

St. Peter's Basilica

12/7/16

Saint Peter's Basilica in Vatican City is one of the holiest site in Christianity. It is the Church that marks where the first Pope, Peter the apostle, was buried and crucified. St. Peter's Basilica is one of the largest churches in the world. The church was founded by Constantine and was rebuilt during the renaissance.

Judaism

The Hurva Synagogue in Jerusalem

12/10/16

The Hurva synagogue or Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid is located in the Jewish sector of Jerusalem. The synagogue was founded in the 18th century by Judah heHasid but was quickly destroyed. It laid ruined for 140 years and became known as Hurva. The Synagogue has a large dome structure on the top with a walkway around the dome. The synagogue is a relatively modern structure with sharp edges and smooth curves. Their are some stairs leading up to the large arched entrance. Anywhere you could walk, you will find windows. The Synagogue uses sunlight to light up the building along with electricity. Their are murals lining the walls as you walk in the entrance.

The Western Wall

Western Wall in Jerusalem

12/10/16

The Western Wall is the last piece standing of The Temple Mount. The Temple Mount was once the holiest site is Judaism History but was destroyed by the Romans in 70 C.E.. The only part of the Temple that as not destroyed, was The western Wall, The Romans thought it was insignificant because it wasn't even part of the Temple itself. The Western Wall quickly became the most sacred site in the Jewish Religion. Throughout their lives, Jewish men and women make the rough Pilgrimage to the wall to thank Their God. For a thousand years, the Muslims had control over the wall and Jerusalem. They Muslims disgraced the wall whenever they used it as a trash dump or humiliated it.

Islam

The Great Mecca Mosque

12/12/16

The Great Mecca Mosque in Saudi Arabia is one of the most sacred sites in the Islamic Religion. It is also one of the most beautiful mosques in the world. Mecca was once an oasis on the caravan trade route. Mecca is the largest Mosque in the world. Mecca has eight large towers with pointed tips identifying the entrances. Mecca is very open with lots of columns and support beams or its massive structure. It has multiple domes in its structure. It is almost rectangular with a few different angles and edges.

The Mosque of Mecca marks and is the birth place of the Prophet Muhammad. It isn't just the birth place of Muhammad, it is the birth place of the religion he founded, Islam. The Mosque is located in the sacred land of Hijaz. Hijaz is the western region of the Arabian peninsula. In each Islam lifetime, people make the pilgrimage to Mecca to worship Allah.

Hinduism

The Kanchipuram temple in South India

12/14/16

The Kanchipuram temples are some of the most magnificent Hindu temples in the world. Their architecture is exquisite, with statues covering the outside of the temples. Each story or level of the temple has another row of statues. The entrance is a straight walk through. Each column of support beam holding up the temple is covered in statues. The architecture of the temple is Dravidian. The Temple was built and dedicated the the Deity Shiva. The Temple is one of the 5 major temples dedicated to Shiva and Pancha Bootha. Each Temple represents one of the five elements. The Kanchipuram Temple represents Earth. The Temple is over 40 acres and is up to 57 meters in height. The temple also contains the hallway of a thousand pillars. Each Pillar in the hallway has statues on it.

Varanasi

The golden Temple on the Ganges in Varanas

12/15/16

The City of Varanasi is a popular pilgrimage place for Hindus. It is the city most closely connected to the Lord Shiva. The Temple itself sits on the Ganges river 450 miles south of Delhi. The Temple is known as Mandir. The place is also known as Kashi or Benares. The city is one of the Hindus seven ancient cities. The city is known as the "Foremost City of Shiva". The Temple was destroyed and rebuilt while under Muslim Influence. Many Hindus retire in Varanasi in hopes of achieving liberation. The temple is also well known for its cremation ghats. Hundreds of bodies are sent their to be cremated at the holy Temple. By sending the bodes to the temple people hope to release their spirits and achieve liberation.

Buddhism

The Todaiji Temple in Nara Japan

12/17/16

The Todaiji Temple in Nara, Japan is a beautiful temple. It was created to repose the spirit of crowned Prince Motoi. The Temple has 2 slanted roofs or coverings. At the top of the temple their are 2 horns. Each corner of the roof is starting to curve up. The temple has shutters over the windows and a large walkway up to the entrance. The temple is surrounded by grass and massive trees. The Todaiji Temple became the center of rituals and peace for its nation japan and Buddhists.

Lumbini

Lumbini, Nepal

12/18/16

Lumbini, Nepal is the birthplace of the Great Buddha. The great Buddha's name was Siddhartha Gautama. He was born in 632 B.C. in the gardens of Lumbini. The gardens and Lumbini later became a place of pilgrimage for Buddhists. Buddha saw that life was made of suffering and saw to seek enlightenment. Buddhism is similar to Hinduism because Siddhartha started off as a Hindu. He later grew up and started to see the benefits of enlightenment. The Lumbini Garden is one of the holiest places on Earth. A religion started and grew from Lumbini.

Works Cited

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/Western_Wall.html

https://sacredsites.com/middle_east/saudi_arabia/mecca.html

http://www.ekambaranathartemple.org/

https://iskconeducationalservices.org/HoH/practice/502.htm

http://www.todaiji.or.jp/english/

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/666

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/666/

By: Barrett Rose

Credits:

Created with images by geralt - "cross sunset sunrise" • AG_Exposed - "wimborne wimborne minster minster" • Pedro Ponchio - "St. Peter's Basilica" • michael-day - "St Peter's" • rottnapples - "Day 2- Rome. St. Peter's Basilica" • bshamblen - "St. Peter's Basilica" • Samantha En Route - "St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City, Italy" • Emmanuel Dyan - "Hurva Synagogue, Jerusalem - Israël" • adactio - "The western wall" • kellinahandbasket - "Wailing Wall/ Western Wall" • calebdzahnd - "The Western Wall (Wailing Wall)" • Jorge Lascar - "Hassan II Mosque" • Arian Zwegers - "Istanbul, Blue Mosque" • Al Fassam - "Kaaba" • Jorge Lascar - "Mihrab (marking the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca) - Madrasa of Sultan al-Zahir Barquq - Qalawun complex" • hajj2006 - "Mecca" • Arian Zwegers - "Kanchipuram, Sri Ekambaranathar Temple" • Emmanuel Dyan - "Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India" • Emmanuel Dyan - "Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India" • Emmanuel Dyan - "Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India" • Fæ - "Benares- The Golden Temple, India, ca. 1915 (IMP-CSCNWW33-OS14-66)" • okano - "Todaiji Temple" • okano - "Todaiji Temple" • Su--May - "Temple Todaiji" • Ben Garney - "Tōdai-ji 2" • David S. Lowry - "DSC04030" • Anandajoti - "015 Old Buddha Statues, Lumbini" • wonker - "Lumbini" • wonker - "Lumbini"

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