Step 1: Canada Data Collection
Canada is the second largest country in the world which explains why it is so rich in natural resources. Some of the natural resources Canada has within its borders include iron ore, timber, natural gas, hydro power, etc.
6.8% of Canada’s land is agricultural land. 4.7% of it is arable land (able to be plowed to grow crops); 0.5% is permanent crops and 1.6% permanent pasture. 34.1% of Canadian land is made of up forests and 59.1% is made up of other things.
Due to Canada being located so north, permafrost is always a constant threat to those who live in the northern territories year round. Even during winter, temperatures can be deadly if you're not equipped with the proper clothing. Cyclonic storms also develop east of the rocky mountains which result in most of Canada’s rain and snow east of the mountains.
Compared to most countries in the world, Canada has very few environmental issues but they do have some that need addressing. Some of the issues include metal-smelting, coal burning, and vehicle emissions which impact agriculture as well as forest productivity. Not only those problems. but air pollution is causing acid rain which results in the negative effects on lakes and forests. Ocean waters as well as lakes and rivers are also being contaminated due to chemical runoff from agriculture, mining, foresting, and industrial works.
People and Society
-population: Canada has a relatively small population in relation to its large geographical size. It has a population of 35,362,905.
The age structure for Canada is quite average in relation to other countries. For the ages of 0-14, there are a total of 5,461,401 people in that age group which equates to 15.44% of the population, for the ages of 15-24, there are a total of 4,284,714 people in that age group which equates to 12.12% of the population, for the ages of 25-54, there are a total of 14,259,892 people in that age group which equates to 40.32% of the population, for the ages of 55-64, there are a total of 4,928,240 people in that age group which equates to 13.94% of the population, for the ages of 65 and up, there are a total of 6,428,656 people in that age group. The total dependency ratio is 47.3%, the youth dependency ratio is 23.5%, the elderly dependency ratio is 23.8%, and the potential support ratio is 4.2%.
-population growth rate:
The population growth rate of Canada is 0.74% and that is ranked 146th in the world.
Most people in Canada live in urban areas. The urban population 81.8% of Canada’s population and the rate of urbanization is 1.22% annually. 16.394 million people out of 35.363 million live in urbanized areas such as large cities like Ottawa, Toronto, and Vancouver.
The average life expectancy is 81.9 years old which is extremely good in comparison to most countries and this keeps Canada at 19th in average life expectancy. The average male lives to 79.2 years old whereas the average female lives to 84.6 years old.
-total fertility rate:
The total fertility rate is 1.6 children born/woman which ranks Canada at 183rd.
Canada spends 10.4% of its GDP on health expenditure which equates to 159 billion dollars. This ranks Canada at 15th.
Canada’s gross domestic product is 1.532 trillion dollars.
Canada has a relatively low unemployment rate which is 7.1% which leaves Canada at 83rd.
Canada has 9.4% of its population living under the poverty line. The amount shown would normally be lower in countries with similar economies but since Canada doesn’t have an official poverty line, this figure is based off of a low income cut-off.
Canada has a relatively large export market which brings in 402.4 billion dollars which ranks Canada at 12th.
Canada has a relatively high amount of external debt which is 1.608 trillion and that ranks Canada at 14th.
Canada has a total subscription of fixed phone lines of 15.902 million. Out of 100 people in Canada, 45 people have a fixed phone line subscription. This ranks Canada at 17th. Canada has a 29.39 million people subscribed to a mobile phone service. This equals to 84 out of 100 people which is ranks Canada at 44th. Canada’s telephone system is of excellent quality due to its modern technology and around 300 domestic satellites.
Canada has a total of 31.053 million internet users. That equals 88.5% of its population and ranks Canada at 21st.
Step 2: Article Summary
Since there is little funding for Canadian studies in Slovenia, Slovenians think of Canada as a warm and rosy country.
When Dutch people think of Canada, they refer to it to “the European version of America” due to its natural beauty and down-to-earth canadian spirit.
In Slovakia, Slovaks rarely hear about Canada in the news which results in their next to nothing knowledge on Canada. Canada is also known as a “better United States”.
The United States think of Canada as their closest ally, yet they know very little about Canada. Americans are also known to like Canadians most out of every country.
Known as the country north of the USA, Canada is highly regarded in Israel for its high standards in academics.
In China, Canada is thought to fight for fundamental human rights. They are also thought to lack a particularly influential political system.
India thinks of Canada as a country that has made many attempts to make trades and economic profits with India, but most of these attempts have not worked out.
Germany thinks of Canada as a powerful country with an abundance of natural resources but its foreign policy has shifted from international concerns to national. Canada is also thought to be very multicultural and friendly to all people.
The United Kingdom often dismisses Canada in the British mindset, but Canadians show British people other ways of living.
Poland views Canada as a postmodern country which is quite young but has rich history in its roots. They view Canada as a sanctuary for immigrants and refugees since it is very multicultural and accepting.
Canada is very important to Venezuela due to Canada’s views on freedom and democracy. Venezuelans are also grateful for Canada’s Parliament for hearing out the testimonies of Venezuelans who were mad of the human rights abuse.
Northern Ireland views Canada as a good country with many interesting policies and such to learn about in their studies.
Mexico looks up to Canada’s good climate control, clean water sanitation, and renewable energy. Mexicans have also developed a strong community of Canadianists as well as Canadian study program although it has suffered some losses due to budget cuts.
Step 3: Analysis
1. Canada’s biggest strength is being known as an extremely open and welcoming country to all people and countries. Canada has been a sanctuary to many people of all cultures including many refugees. This has helped our reputation around the world and has helped fuel our economy by creating new jobs as well as moving more money around due to the constant flow of new people. Canada’s biggest weakness is most likely it’s small population. Due to such a small population, Canada is not the world power it might be because it can’t take advantage of its abundant resources and it can’t expand its economy the way it needs to to become a world superpower.
2. Canada is a relatively good country and doesn’t have many issues compared to other countries, but its most pressing concern is most likely its environmental issues. Although Canada is very good in comparison to other countries with this issue, it still needs to be addressed. This issue includes oil spills, climate change, acid rain, pollution, and chemical run offs.
3. Canada should extremely proud of their country. They should be proud of their beautiful country that has very few problems compared to some other countries. Canadians should be proud of their environmental policies, foreign policy, academics, open mindedness, and overall of their great reputation around the world.
4. Canada is much better off than some countries. Canada has access to a massive amount of natural resources, a great government, as well as a great reputation. We have a strong and stable economy as well as an extremely high GDP per capita which results in more economic freedom and happier people. Canadian citizens don’t have to stress about things such as wars, poverty, and chaos since we live in such a civilized and reformed country. Overall, we have good relations with almost every country and have a strong import/export market which allows us as a country to be extremely well of as well as we still have a lot of room to grow as a country.