- Started 1916, ended 1924
- A conceptual art not focusing on aesthetically-pleasing artworks, but rather, focusing on propaganda that opposed bourgeois cultures.
- Dadaists used to have a rendezvous place called the "Cabaret Voltaire" in Zurich, and they also had protests against bourgeois culture.
- They were known to use ready-made objects: objects that can be presented as art with little manipulation by the artist.
- Started 1952, ended 1970
- This time, they provoked through covert strategies which are more suitable during the Cold War
- Neo-Dadaists simultaneously mocked and celebrated consumer culture, united opposing conventions of abstraction and realism, etc.
- They encouraged viewers to look beyond traditional aesthetic standards, and interpret meaning through a process of critical thinking generated by contradictions, absurd juxtapositions, coded narratives, and other mixed signals.