Committees By: Madisen and Grace

Standing Committees-

Early in history, Congress set up permanent groups to oversee bills that deal with certain kinds of issues. Called standing committees because they continue from one Congress to the next. House and Senate both create their own standing committee and control their areas of jurisdiction. Sometimes adding or eliminating a standing committee when necessary. Majority party in each house controls the standing committees. Selects a chairperson for each from among its party members. Majority of the members of each standing committee are also member of the majority party.

Sub committees-

Each subcommittee specializes in a subcategory of its standing committee’s responsibility. Also continue from one congress to the next, however the majority party can make changes

Select Committees-

Time to time each house of congress had temporary committees-- select committees. They study one specific issue and report their findings to the senate or house

Joint Committees-

Made up of members from both the House and the Senate. May be either temporary or permanent. Have members from both political parties. Usually act as a study groups with responsibility for reporting their findings back to the House and Senate. Coordinate the work of the two house of Congress. Lawmakers usually limit joint committees to handling routine matters such as are handled by the Joint Committee on Printing, and the Joint Committee on the Library of Congress. Some joint committees have been setup to study more volatile matters such as atomic energy, defense, and taxation.Do not have the authority to deal directly with bills or to propose legislation to Congress

Conference Committees-

Temporary committee set up when the House and Senate have passed different versions of the same bill. Members of the committee, conferees, usually come from the House and Senate standing committees that handled the bill in question. Job is to resolve the differences between the two versions of the bill. Play a key role in policy making because they work out a bill that both houses may accept and send to the president. A majority of the conferees from each house must accept the final compromise bill-called a conference report- before it can be sent to the floor of the House and Senate. When the conference committee’s report- the compromise bill, has finally been worked out, it reaches the floor of each house, and it must be considered a whole. It may not be amended, the bill must be accepted or rejected.

Standing Committees: Senate- Armed Services

  • Has 26 members

Majority-

  • John McCain, Arizona, Chairman
  • Jim Inhofe, Oklahoma
  • Jeff Sessions, Alabama
  • Roger Wicker, Mississippi
  • Kelly Ayotte, New Hampshire
  • Deb Fischer, Nebraska
  • Tom Cotton, Arkansas
  • Mike Rounds, South Dakota
  • Joni Ernst, Iowa
  • Thom Tillis, North Carolina
  • Dan Sullivan, Alaska
  • Mike Lee, Utah
  • Lindsey Graham, South Carolina
  • Ted Cruz, Texas

Minority-

  • Jack Reed, Rhode Island Ranking Member
  • Bill Nelson, Florida
  • Claire McCaskill, Missouri
  • Joe Manchin, West Virginia
  • Jeanne Shaheen, New Hampshire
  • Kirsten Gillibrand, New York
  • Richard Blumenthal, Connecticut
  • Joe Donnelly, Indiana
  • Mazie Hirono, Hawaii
  • Tim Kaine, Virginia
  • Angus King, Maine
  • Martin Heinrich, New Mexico

Standing Committee #2: Senate- Budget

  • Has 22 members

Majority-

  • Mike Enzi, Wyoming, Chair
  • Chuck Grassley, Iowa
  • Jeff Sessions, Alabama
  • Mike Crapo, Idaho
  • Lindsey Graham, South Carolina
  • Rob Portman, Ohio
  • Pat Toomey, Pennsylvania
  • Ron Johnson, Wisconsin
  • Kelly Ayotte, New Hampshire
  • Roger Wicker, Mississippi
  • Bob Corker, Tennessee
  • David Perdue, Georgia

Minority-

  • Bernie Sanders, Vermont, Ranking Member
  • Ron Wyden, Oregon
  • Debbie Stabenow, Michigan
  • Patty Murray, Washington
  • Sheldon Whitehouse, Rhode Island
  • Mark Warner, Virginia
  • Jeff Merkley, Oregon
  • Tammy Baldwin, Wisconsin
  • Tim Kaine, Virginia
  • Angus King, Maine

Standing Committee #3: Senate- Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry

  • Has 20 members

Majority-

  • Pat Roberts, Kansas, Chairman
  • Thad Cochran, Mississippi
  • Mitch McConnell, Kentucky
  • John Boozman, Arkansas
  • John Hoeven, North Dakota
  • David Perdue, Georgia
  • Joni Ernst, Iowa
  • Thom Tillis, North Carolina
  • Ben Sasse, Nebraska
  • Chuck Grassley, Iowa
  • John Thune, South Dakota

Minority-

  • Debbie Stabenow, Michigan, Ranking Member
  • Patrick Leahy, Vermont
  • Sherrod Brown, Ohio
  • Amy Klobuchar, Minnesota
  • Michael Bennet, Colorado
  • Kirsten Gillibrand, New York
  • Joe Donnelly, Indiana
  • Heidi Heitkamp, North Dakota
  • Bob Casey Jr., Pennsylvania

Credits:

Created with images by dbking - "Jefferson Building, Library of Congress" • m01229 - "Library of Congress" • Phil Roeder - "United States Capitol" • PublicDomainPictures - "white house washington dc senate" • Cooperweb - "Money" • Pezibear - "calf brown reddish"

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