What is the fourth amendment ?
The text of the 4th amendment is: "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized"
These two police officers are about to search a home without a warrant. With the fourth amendment what's happening in the picture will not happen because without a search warrant by law they can not search the house.
It protects the right of the people not to be searched or arrested without probable cause. It is also called the "search and seizure" Amendment. It was written by James Madison.
Summary: The 4th Amendment states that the government cannot arrest a person or search their property unless there is "probable cause" that a crime has been committed.
Probable cause means reasonable grounds they need evidence to search your house.
Cause and Reason for the 4th Amendment
The reason that the 4th Amendment was passed is because the early colonists did not like their treatment under the laws of the British and unlawful searches.
4th Amendment Meaning, Explanation and Summary
The 4th Amendment protects all citizens from search and seizure unless the government has probable cause that you have committed a crime. This was enacted as result of the Writs Of Assistance used by the British to search colonists.
Supreme Court Case
People are being searched at the airport without a warrant. The police are searching their bags and using the body scan. This violates the fourth amendment because without a warrant they can not search you. They are searching for a terrorist or weapons. Sometimes people have to give up their fourth amendment right for safety.
New Jersey vs T.L.O - January 15, 1985
A New Jersey high school student was searched after being accused of smoking cigarettes in the bathroom. School authorities searched her purse and found marijuana. The student claimed just having cigarettes did not give the school the right to search her. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the school and created less strict rules for school searches.
The Frog wants to search the turtle but the turtle is saying " Slow down, you can not search me with out a warrant".
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