Chemical Reactions Lake Knapp, sara Peters, TEvin tipps

Types of Reactions

  • Single Replacement (sr)- A type of chemical reaction where an element reacts with a compound and takes the place of another element in that compound. Example: Li + NaCl = LiCl + Na
  • Double replacement (dr)- A type of chemical reaction where two chemicals react and the Cations and anions of the two reactants switch places. Example: BaCl2 +MgSO4 = BaSO4 + MgCl2
  • Combustiton Reaction- An exothermic reaction in which something reacts with oxygen. Example: C6H14 + O2 = CO2 + H2
  • Decomposition Reaction- A type of reaction in which a single compound breaks down into two or more elements or new compounds. Example: CuCl2 = Cu + Cl2
  • Synthesis Reaction- A type of chemical reaction where two or more simple substances combine to form a more complex product. Example: C + O2 = CO2

How to use activity series with Single Replacement

  • Metal can replace another metal if it is above it on the activity series. EX: Li + NaCl -> LiCl + Na

Solubility Rules- A list of rules to see if a compound dissolves in water or not.

  • Something is soluble if: It's a Nitrate, an Acetates, an Ammonium, and Group 1 salt.
  • A Chloride, a Bromide, and an Iodide except for Silver, Lead, and Mercury (I).
  • All fluorides except Group 2 (IIA), Lead (II), and Iron (III)
  • All sulfates except Calcium, Strontium, Barium, Mercury, Lead (II), and Silver
  • Something is insoluble if: All carbonates and phosphates except Group 1 (IA) and Ammonium
  • All hydroxides except Group 1 (IA), 2 (IIA), and Ammonium
  • All oxides except Group 1 (IA)
Created By
Sara Peters
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Created with images by michael_reuter - "The Periodic Table Of Irrational Nonsense"

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