Southern Africa pages 377-396

Landforms And Bodies Of water

  • Southern Africa consists of the 10 southmost countries on the African Continent
  • It also includes 4 independent islands countries and 2 French territories in the Indian Ocean off Africa's East coast.
  • The country of Madagascar occupies the world's 4th largest islands.


  • a series of plateaus cover most of the region.
  • the escarpment, a steep cliff between a higher and lower surface, runs parallel to the Atlantic Coast and continues through Namibia.
  • South of the Kalahari Desert, the rest of it is basicly grasslands.
  • 2 landlocked (having no border with an ocean) countries are Lesotho and Swaziland

Bodies of water

  • 3 major river systems- the Zambezi, Limpopo, and Orange drain most of South Africa
  • Lake Kariba, Southern Africa's second largest lake is really an reservoir, or an artificial lake created by a dam
  • a number of flat basins are in South Africa as well
  • wild animals most likely live in the Etosha National Park in South Africa.


  • the climate could be hot or cold.
  • most of the time it is hot

Tropical zone

  • they have hot and dry, wet climate
  • most of the water is basically all rain. they get a lot of rain every year
  • the hottest it gets is 100F

temperate zones

  • most of the areas in South African areas are semiarid.
  • the winters are cool with frost and sometimes freezing areas.
  • Eastern South Africa, including the Indian Ocean, are much wetter than others

desert regions

  • western South Africa, Western Namibia, and much of Botswana are arid.
  • temperatures along the coastlines get very little rain.
  • fog and dew provide small plants with the moisture they need to survive.

Why are temperatures in South Africa's tropical countries generally not hot?

  • because they get a lot of rain, usually about 8 inches.

what natural resources are found in Southern Africa, and why are they important?

  • minerals because they were really helpful to the Republic of South Africa. they are important because it is the world's largest procedures of diamond cutting.

South Africa's Resources

  • their industry has attracted workers from other countries that helped South Africa's industries grow.
  • they found several diamonds, gold, and more.
  • they have the largest minerals reserves in the world.

wild life

  • they are well known for their animal life.
  • they have zebras, lions, tigers, monkeys, giraffes
  • poaching, or illegal killing game is a problem there as well.

lesson 2

History of Southern Africa

Rise of Kindoms

  • their goods were exchanged for salt, tools, and luxury

great Zimbabwe

  • it is the capital of Africa
  • it was the largest of similar cities throughout the region

the Mutapa Empire

  • they thrived on gold as well
  • they gained control in the 1500s

European colonies

  • they grew interested in exploding Africa's natural resources, it's people as a source of labor

clashes in South Africa

  • during the 1600's till about 1800's, Europeans set up trading posts but did not establish colonies, which are large territories with settlers from the home country.

The Union of South Africa

  • the African kingdoms of Lesotho and Swaziland remained under British control

colonialism in other areas

  • some Berlin Conference decided Portugal had rights Angola and Mozambique.

Which European country claimed the most territory in Southern Africa in the 1800's?

great britten

independence and equal rights

  • While other Euroopean nations gave up their African colonies, Portugal efused to do so.

The end of Portugues

  • peace wasn't found

the birth of Zimbabwe

  • Robert was elected president after having the right to vote a black leader

equal rights in South Africa

  • the new government leadersbegan endacting laws that created a system called aparthied
  • The African National congress , an orginization of black South Africans, began a companion of cival disobeidiance
  • coutnries began placing embargos, or bans grew more entense


Created with images by jthetzel - "Botswana 2014" • South African Tourism - "Table Mountain - South Africa" • AjayGoel2011 - "A road less traveled.." • Tjeerd - "Smitswinkel Bay" • Fæ - "Map of Church of Scotland Mission Fields, late 19th century (imp-cswc-GB-237-CSWC47-LS2-001)" • Brisbane City Council - "Arid Zone and Tropical Display Dome" • Clint Mason - "Reflections in the Delta" • FuN_Lucky - "namibia desert sand" • Fæ - ""Woman carrying a beer pot, Livingstonia" Malawi, ca.1895 (imp-cswc-GB-237-CSWC47-LS3-1-018)" • razlisyam - "tiger malayan tiger lonely" • Meditations - "accessory appliance chef" • kevinzim - "greatzim" • markusspiske - "globe africa europe" • Africa Deluxe Tours - "Thursday 1 October. Pretoria" • ARG_Flickr - "Union Of South Africa Approaching Sedgwick" • AndreDea - "Portugal" • Patrick Feller - "Dick Dowling Statue, Hermann Park, Houston, Texas 0429101141BW" • ligia g. diniz - "portugues" • Sustainable sanitation - "Mahombekombe sewage pumping station in Kariba" • aprillynn77 - "Johannesburg/Soweto"

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