The Ming Dynasty P.e.r.s.i.a Ranking

What Contributions From The Ming Dynasty Were The Most Influential?

P.E.R.S.I.A - Politics, Economics, Religion, Social, Art & Architecture

1. Art & Architecture

2. Religion

3. Intellectual

4. Economics

5. Politics

6. Social

Art & Architecture

Art was the most influential and significant contribution of the Ming Dynasty. Art pieces from the Ming Dynasty still survived to this day and can be sold for anywhere between a couple hundred thousand to millions in US dollars. Art from the Ming Dynasty was very unique and different. For example, something that they specialized in was making small carvings from ivory, porcelain, wood or jade. This is very unique because in other dynasties they made large sculptures and statues. The Ming dynasty also made jars covered with fish in a lotus pond. This was very popular and lots of potters learned to make them. In the article it states, "As polychrome decoration gained more widespread popularity, advances in the technique were made during the Jiajing period. Potters learned to mix finely ground minerals, such as iron, copper, or cobalt, https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/art-asia/imperial-china/ming-dynasty/a/forbidden-city). This shows how Potters made the jars be colorful by using metals. This seems like a very interesting technique.

Architecture was also extremely important because they build the Forbidden City which was a palace for emperor and their families to live and servants lived there too. In the article it states, "The Forbidden City is a large precinct of red walls and yellow glazed roof tiles located in the heart of China’s capital, Beijing. As its name suggests, the precinct is a micro-city in its own right. Measuring 961 meters in length and 753 meters in width, the Forbidden City is composed of more than 90 palace compounds including 98 buildings and surrounded by a moat as wide as 52 meters."(https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/art-asia/imperial-china/ming-dynasty/a/forbidden-city). This shows how big the Forbidden City was.

The Forbidden City
A jar covered with fish in a lotus pond

Religion

The Ming dynasty included lots of different religions. One example is christianity. In the article it states, “Christianity was also spreading in China during the Ming Dynasty.” (http://totallyhistory.com/ming-dynasty-religion/) This illustrating that christianity was expanding in china in the Ming dynasty. But christianity wasn't the only religion that the Ming dynasty expanded or incorporated into china. For example, taoism and buddhism. Buddhism actually changed the way that the Chinese civilization thinks in a huge way. In the article it stated, "Some people may not recognize it, but the various religions during that time had contributed much to what the Chinese community is today.” (http://totallyhistory.com/ming-dynasty-religion/) Therefore, religion is ranked second because of how much it affected modern China.

Intellectual

Intellectual is ranked third. This is because they expanded the Great Wall of China, they repaired the Grand Canal, and they invented wood block writing. In the article it stated, "The repair and completion of the Great Wall and restoration of Grand Canal during the Ming era is marked as one of the biggest achievements in the field of engineering." (http://totallyhistory.com/ming-dynasty-achievements/) This demonstrates the significance of the Ming dynasty finishing the Great Wall and repairing the Grand Canal. Another reason why Ming's intellectual achievements were so influential was because the Ming also unvented wood block writing. In the text it states, "It surpasses all the preceded printing techniques of the previous dynasties. Woodblock carving and wood movable type were enhanced to perfection." (http://totallyhistory.com/ming-dynasty-inventions/). This shows one reason why this invention was so signifiant. It was way better than what previous dynasties used for printing.

This is an image of the wood blocks used for wood block printing. (https://www.emaze.com/@AFIQLFRQ/Woodblock-printing)

Economics

Economics is raked fourth but it also had a huge effect on China. The Ming dynasty grew a lot in trade and agriculture. They even got new crops such as potato, corn, and peanuts from the europeans because of trade. All these new crops caused the population to increase. This caused cities in China to become highly active in trade. In addition, manufacturing also improved. In the text it states, "The manufacturing industry became more advanced and was involved in producing different products, compared to the Song Dynasty." (http://totallyhistory.com/ming-dynasty-economy/) This shows how the manufacturing increased and improved during the Ming dynasty. In the article it also states, The Ming Chinese built canals for irrigation, bridges, and roads for transportation. Trade with faraway markets became more feasible. The Ming Dynasty trade reached as far as Japan and Europe, which opened gates for economic development. Overseas". This demonstrates how trade became more convinient in the Ming Dynasty. Therefore, the achievements of economics were huge and influential but they did not top art, religion and intellectual.

Farmers in the Ming Dynasty
This is a map of the ming dynasty. (http://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/china-history/the-ming-dynasty.htm)

Social

The Ming Social Structure was divided into four groups: The Shi, Nong, Gong, and Shang. The Shi was gentry scholars. "They initially came from the warrior caste. Over the years the Shi slowly started to include aristocratic scholars and an educated bureaucracy. Since access to books and knowledge was extremely limited, a scholarly person was highly respected in society."(http://totallyhistory.com/ming-dynasty-social-structure/). This explains what the Shi group actually was. The reason why it changed what probably due to the exams during the Song dynasty. The Nong class were peasant farmers. They were seen as an extremely important and essential class for the empire because they were considered the producers of food which was useful during famines. The Gong were artisans and craftsmen. Since they had a skill, they were more respected than merchants and the were producers like the Nong. The Shang were merchants and traders. In the article it says, "They were the merchants and traders and since they did not produce anything they were looked down upon by society as those who lived off the labor of others." (http://totallyhistory.com/ming-dynasty-social-structure/). This demonstrates how the Shang class was the lowest one. The bad thing was however that the gap between higher and lower class became bigger during the Ming dynasty which is why Social is ranked last.

This is a painting of a gentry scholar made by Tang Yin (1500 CE)

Politics

Politics comes in last because the politics during the ming dynasty had an overall small effect on china.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the Ming dynasty made lots of great contributions that affected china and our society today. Overall, the most influential one was their art because it was really beautiful and unique and some of it is still around today.

Created By
Celina N
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