Ancient Greece 6 Component Project

Geography/Cities

Geography impacted the settlement of Ancient Greece in several ways. One way was that the mountains and seas divided them from one another, so as a result of that early Greek communities grew up fiercely and independently. Also Mainland Greece is a peninsula. Since it was a peninsula many Greeks made a living from the sea such as, fishers, sailors, and traders. My final reason is that Greece's mountains and rocky soil were not ideal for growing crops, however the climate was mild and in some places people could grow wheat, barley, olives and grapes. Some early cities were Athens and Sparta , Athens was southeast of Delphi and Sparta was south of Delphi.

Class Divisions

Each Greek city-state was run by its citizens. Greeks were the first people to develop the idea of citizen ship, In most Greek states though only free native born men could be citizens. A citizen was members of a political community who treat each other as equals and who have rights and responsibilities. They could gather in the agora to choose their officials and pass laws. They also had a right to vote, hold office, own property, and defend themselves in court. This made the Greeks different than other ancient civilizations because unlike Greeks for example Ancient Mesopotamia and/or Egypt were very different. Their people were mostly subjects, they had no rights, no say in government and no choice but to obey their rulers.

Art

There are four types of Greek art I am going to describe. One of them is Murals, although none of them survived we can still examples of Greek painting on pottery. The pictures that are on Greek pottery are either red on a black background or black on a red background. There were different designs on every thing of pottery. For Large vases there were often had scenes from Greek myths, and small drinking cups showed scenes from everyday life. They also did lots of architecture. Art impacted Greece by making sculptures and using architecture, that impacted Greece because they used it very often and it was a big part of Greece, for example temples for gods were made very often. the Greek ideas spread to many places such as the U.S. such as churches and government buildings such as the white house.

Organized Government

Direct democracy: When a whole lot of people gather and talk about and decide on government matters

Representative democracy: A system of government where the citizens will choose a smaller group other than them to make governmental decisons

Tyranny: One person who takes power by force and rules with total control

Oligarchy: Unlike a tyranny, the oligarchy is a government in which a small group of people hold power

Advantages of a direct democracy could be that people get to talk about what they need to get done, a disadvantage could be that they may not always agree with what your saying and people can get frustrated.

Advantages of a representative democracy is that they have other people to help them on their behalf but a disadvantage is that the people may miss out on some things if a person were to participate the other person could possibly miss it.

The advantages of a tyranny are that the main person doesn't have to listen to what other people, and argue with them and can just do whatever they think is best. One disadvantage is that since only one person is making decisions whoever doesn't agree with them can get very mad because they don't think the person who decides everything is making a good decision or doesn't agree with their opinion.

A advantage of having and oligarchy is that since there are several people there they have more ideas than just with one person, and if one person got sick or one person was no longer capable of being there they would still have people. Some disadvantages would be that they would have more people so there would be more disagreements and it would take longer to do things with more people.

Who uses it (then or now)

Direct democracy: Switzerland

Representative democracy: The U.S.

Tyranny: Athens

Oligarchy: China or North Korea

Religion

The Greeks had many beliefs, some of their beliefs were gods and Goddess, and oracles. There were many different Greek Gods and Goddesses, but there were only the most powerful 12 in Mount Olympus. Some things they believed about them was that they affected peoples lives and shaped events, and that they controlled nature. Some things about Oracles that they believed in was that each person had a fate or destiny, also they believed certain events would happen no matter what they did. One thing with oracles is that they would get a prophecy. Prophecies are predictions about the future.

Writing Systems

The Greeks alphabet was based on the Phoenician alphabet. During the dark age Greeks stopped teaching writing and forgot their own language since they hadn't used it in so long.

το αγαπημένο μου νούμερο είναι έντεκα.

By: Cara Koehler

Credits:

Created with images by Alberto Perdomo - "Un templo en la Acrópolis"

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