The Constitution of the United States is a document that outlines the basis of the federal (national) government of the USA. It was written in 1787 at the "Constitutional Convention," held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in what we now call Independence Hall. The 55 men at the convention are called the "Founding Fathers" of the USA.
Federalism divides power between states and federal government. Federalism helps keep and maintain that balance of power. In Art.1, Sec.10, Cl.1 it says "powers denied states" which means states can not produce money. Also federal government can not create state taxes.
The constitution limits the power of the government by creating checks and balances. Checks and Balances are designed to prevent the emergence of a single domineering center of power. Congress can elect laws but the president can veto them. Two-thirds of the congress can over ride that decision.
The constitution mandated the separation of powers within the federal government. Separation of powers devides power among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government. Each branch of government are assigned certain specific powers. The legislative branch and congress branch enact laws. The executive branch carries and enforces laws.
The constitution stipulated that the citizens would directly elect only the majority. A representative government is when citizens elect representatives to make laws. In Art.1, Sec.2, Ch.1 it says people vote every two years for the House of Representatives. Instead of creating a direct democracy in which all citizens vote on every matter, voters elect representatives to govern.
The Constitution abides by the principle of popular sovereignty. Popular sovereignty is when the people are the source of governments power. In the preamble it says its about the people and it is apart of what the government is.
Popular sovereignty ensures that a governments power is restricted or limited. Limited government means the government only has the powers that the constitution gives it. In the Bill of Rights it says government cant restrict us from being able to say things we want.
What is the US Constitution?
What is Popular sovereignty?
When was the Constitution made?
Federalism divides what?
The Constitution mandated what?
Federal Government can not create what?