Scientific Research Olivia Woolman, Class 5, Due Date: May 16th, Genus: Ailuropoda

Page 2: Collage

Page 3: Reproduction

Page 3: Reproduce

Characteristic: Reproduction

Reproduction in animals is made up of two different processes. One of those processes is called sexual reproduction, which occurs in females when the female cells of an animal combine with the male cells of another animal of the same species. The second process is called asexual reproduction. Asexual reproduction does not require the combining of cells from two animals to occur.

A mother panda with her newly born panda cub.
This graph is showing the population increases and decreases from 1976 to 2006. It shows how panda reproduction & birth rate lowered, and then raised to a higher number in the year 2006.

Current Event

In China, they are skilled at knowing how to breed Giant Panda bears. So Jennifer S. Holland traveled to China and got to experience each detail and moment of a pandas birth. She learns that Giant pandas are masters of adaptation, and that the Chinese are currently breeding the bears in captivity. Later on, David Wildt, from the Smithsonian's Conservation Biology Institute, help to contribute to the international team that worked with several Chinese scientists on the biology of the panda, as well as husbandry. Eventually she realizes that saving pandas is a long process.

Page 4: Adapt

Characteristic: Adaptation

Adaptation is any genetic change that helps plants or animals survive in their environment.

If you look closely, you will be able to see that the pandas hand has six fingers total. Five little fingers, and one big thumb on the side to help pick up bamboo.

About a year ago, a new flash came out explaining how due to climate change, the habitats and environment of pandas will not be around for much longer. In this event, the latest study in Biological Conservation stated that 71 percent of the panda's habitat in China could be gone by the year 2070 and the remaining land will become "more fragmented and isolated." Also, pandas need to be in a forest with a little bit of a slope at an elevation. And in an old forest with lots of bamboo, and plenty of distance from people, they can thrive. And it has recently been viewed to be decreasing as the years go on.

Page 5: Use Energy + Food

Page 5: Use Energy

Characteristic: Use energy

Energy is the power to do things. A living organism can either make its own food or depend on others to make food for them. For example, green plants produce their own food from a process what is called photosynthesis. They use the chloroplasts in their cells to get the energy in sunlight. Then they combine it with water and carbon dioxide from the air to produce sugars for themselves.

This is a Giant Panda eating bamboo leaves as a source of energy, to serve as food.
This shows how the food chain relates to the Giant Panda, it explains what the panda eats, and what animals eat the panda to use energy by consuming foods.

Spotlight on Scientist

Hannah Devlin, a science correspondent, has previously been science editor of the Times. She has a PhD in biomedical imaging from the University of Oxford. She wrote this article called, "Hard to bear: pandas poorly adapted for digesting bamboo, scientists find"

Page 6: Grow + Develop

Characteristic: Grow + Develop

Growing and Developing are the early stages of life—from babyhood to childhood, childhood to adolescence, and adolescence to adulthood—enormous changes take place such as size and mass of that organism.

These are not baby pandas, but most likely in the childhood phase of development.
This is a diagram the shows the phases from a newborn to a two year old.

Spotlight On Scientist

Aberystwyth University's IBERS are well known for their research into agricultural animals and plants. Dr Russ Morphew, worked with Iain Valentine from the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland (RZSS), which is a conservation charity that owns the Edinburgh Zoo. Since the zoo had with links to Chinese research centers, he started to study a three year project to understand how the parasite responds to anti–parasitic drugs and whether drug resistance is the cause of infections in giant panda populations. The project has been awarded CASE studentship funding by the BBSRC (Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council).

Credits:

Created with images by Michael Gwyther-Jones - "Giant Panda" • wwarby - "Panda" • Andy Hay - "Panda eating bamboo at Edinburgh Zoo"

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