1779: The Electoral College was created in the Constitution

Established in Article II of Section 1 of the Constitution, the founding fathers decided that the Electoral College should be the formal body in which the president and vice president of the United States should be chosen.

In 1804 the 12th amendment was ratified

The 12th Amendment was a change in the Constitution that resulted in the separation of Electoral votes for president and vice president. As a result of previous controversial presidential elections, the amendment specified the actions of the electoral college to avoid future uncertainties.

1824 Election

In 1824, the popular vote was overturned to elect John Quincy Adams as president of the United States. He lost the popular vote with 114, 023 to Andrew Jackson's total 152, 901. However, the electoral college did not reach the minimum amount of votes (131) to elect either candidate, so the vote went to the House of Representatives. There, Adams won, but it was extremely close.

1876 Election

Samuel Tilden won the popular vote by nearly half a million votes, but the electoral college was sided 184 to 165 for Rutherford B. Hayes, while 20 electoral votes were undecided. These 20 votes were awarded to Hayes, and in return, Republicans removed troops in the south which ended post civil war reconstruction. This agreement was known as the Compromise of 1877.

1888 Election

Grover Cleveland won the popular vote, but the electoral college overturned the decision to elect president Benjamin Harrison.

2000 Election

George W. Bush lost the popular vote after some controversial vote recounts to Al Gore, but the electoral college voted in favor of Bush to elect him. He would serve 2 terms for a total of 8 years.

2016 Election

In 2016, former First Lady, New York Senator, and Secretary of State, won the presidential popular vote by nearly 3 million votes. However, the electoral college elected Donald Trump to the presidency, awarding him 304 electoral votes to Clinton's 227.

Should the electoral college still exist? Is it outdated?

Is it actually democratic to go against the vote of the people? In the eyes of the Constitution, yes. The founding fathers created the electoral college as a method to ensure that the best leader was being chosen as president of the United States. However, it can be argued that it is unconstitutional because if democracy is "for the people, by the people", then only the popular vote should decide who the president is. This might be an outdated form of election, though, because when the electoral college was created, there were far less people populating the United States and the state of American politics have complete changed.