Vascular vs Nonvascular The difference between vasular and nonvascular plants

What are vascular plants?

Vascular plants are those that have true roots, stems, and leaves. Vascular plants also have Xylem and Phloem. The Xylem transports water from the roots to the rest of the plant. Phloem transports food made in leaves to the rest of the plant. For example, flowers and trees are Vascular plants.

What are Nonvascular Plants?

Nonvascular plant are basically the opposite of vascular plants. Unlike vascular plants, Nonvascular plants do NOT have true roots, stems, and leaves. The nonvascular plants do NOT have a Xylem and Phloem. These plants are found in moist environments. Examples of nonvascular plants include moss and hornworts

Major differences between vascular and nonvascular plants:

The major differences between the two plant types is that vascular plants have leaves, stems, and roots, while nonvascular plants don't. Also, vascular plants have a Xylem and a Phloem while nonvascular plants do not. Lastly, vascular plants can grow to be very tall, while nonvascular plants must grow near the ground.

How do Vascular plants reproduce without seeds?

If a vascular plant doesn't have seeds, then it would reproduce using spores. Plants like this include Ferns and Horsetails

What are the two types of seed bearing vascular plants?


Vascular plants that reproduce can either be Gymnosperm, meaning that they have cones, or Angiosperm, meaning that they have fruits or flowers.

What are Gymnosperms?

Gymnosperms have seeds that are not protected. These seeds are only found in female cones. Examples of these plants are Conlfers, Cycadds, Glinkgoes, and Gnetophytes.

What are Angiosperms?

Angiosperms have seeds that are protected by flowers and/or fruits. The two types of Angiosperms are Monocots and Dicots.

Monocots VS Dicots

Monocot's seeds have only one cotyledon (one food storage), while Dicot's have two cotyledons (two food storages).

Monocots have vascular bundles that are scattered while Dicot's vascular bundles are arranged in rings.

Monocots have petals in multiples of 3, while dicots have petals in groups of 4 and 5.

Monocots have leaves with parallel veins while dicots have netted or branching veins.

Monocots have fibrous roots while dicots have taproots.


Created with images by Benjamin Dobson - "Vascular" • A.Poulos (Iya) - "Moss" • TanteTati - "blossom bloom blueme" • quadrireme - "Fern" • S. Rae - "Tsuga heterophylla (Western Hemlock)" • treegrow - "Coconut Palm" • Dave Hosford - "Winter Trim" • treegrow - "Coconut Palm"

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