Contrapasso: souls are hidden from view inside great flames; since they stole from God in their lives and worked by hidden ways, their punishment is to be stolen from sight and hidden in the great flames which are their own guilty consciences. covered in fire to cover their guilt; more guilt=more fire
“As many fireflies as the peasant sees...such myriads of flames I saw shine through/ the gloom of the eighth abyss when I arrived (Inferno XXVI:25-32)."
“my Guide said: ‘There are souls within those flames;/ each sinner swathes himself in his own torment,’ (Inferno XXVI:47-48)."
Literary Devices: simile, imagery, flashback
-Uses imagery to highlight the irony behind the sinners’ contrapasso(explained above)
→ ”...made to bellow by its victim’s cries/ in such a way, that though it was of brass,/ it seemed itself to howl and agonize:/ so lacking any way through or around/ the fire that sealed them in, the mournful words/ were changed into its language”(Inferno XXVII: 10-15)
-flashback used to recall past sin of Guido; why he is in this level of hell; also makes boniface look bad