Living healthily MonTy

Health is the level of functional efficiency of the living organisms in your body. For humans, it is the ability to adapt to social, mental and physical change in our lives that is good health. In life you can acquire communicable and non-communicable diseases. Communicable diseases are like a fever or a sore throat and cough, that are illnesses that can be past to other people through close contact. Non-communicable diseases are diseases that can not be 'caught' by other people, for example, heart disease or cancers.

Stress

Stress can affect your mental health quite dramatically. Serious stress can occur because of a number of reasons; pressure at work or school, family issues. This stress can lead to things as bad as depression or anxiety which will stop your body from fully funtioning. Some stress is good for you and helps the brain grow and develope but if it gets bad just take a step back and just tell someone who can comfort you.

Smoking

Smoking physically affects your body. The nicotine in them makes cigarettes addictive so it can quickly escalate your health in a bad way. Cigarettes are the creator of the UKs biggest cancer threat-lung cancer and all cancers in general. About 35,000 people die from lung cancer in the UK every year. If you are a smoker, if you stop then after 10 years you will have halfed the chance of you getting lung cancer; that is if you haven't got it already.

Exercise

Exercise is vital for improving your physically well being like fitness. It can reduce your risk of major illnesses, such as heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and cancer by up to 50% and lower your risk of early death by up to 30%. Furthermore, excercise and sport also improves your mental health. Regular exercise can have a profoundly positive impact on depression, anxiety, ADHD, and more. It also relieves stress, improves memory, helps you sleep better, and boosts overall mood. And you don’t have to be a fitness fanatic to reap the benefits. And the best thing about it is that it doesn't have to be intense exercise, it can just be moderate activeness.

Hypertension

Hypertension is when you have abnormally high blood pressure due to many different factors which affects millions of people, even children and teenagers across the world. The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known, but several factors and conditions may play a role in its development, including:

Smoking, high stress levels, too much salt in the diet, to much alcohol consumption, lack of physical excersise, older age, genetics, sleep apnea.

Symptoms

If your blood pressure is extremely high there may be certain symptoms to look out for, th and these include:

Severe headaches, fatigue or confusion, vision problems, chest pains, difficulty breathing, irrregular heartbeat, blood in urine, pounding sensation in your chest, ears or neck.

Malignant (accelerated) hypertension

Organ damage can be a result of severely elevated high blood pressure that occurs with malignant (accelerated) hypertension. When this happens blood pressure must be reduced immediately to prevent organ damage. This is done in an intensive care unit of a hospital.

Cancer

Cancer is a relative word used to describe a number of different diseases and it is a non-communicable disease. All types of cancer are when some of your body cells start dividing and spreading out into surrounding tissue when they are not needed. These are what go on to form tumors. In a normal body when your old, broken cells stop working they die and new cells are made and it carries on in this cycle. The body is filled with trillions of cells so there is lots of opportunity for cancers to arise. For someone with cancer the abnormal, old, broken cells do not die however the body still thinks it needs new cells so carries on forming more cells. These extra cells can divide without stopping and may growths called tumors.

Cancerous tumors and malignant which means they spread, invade, intrude into nearby tissue. When these tumors get big enough cells can break off and travel through the blood to random parts of the body nowhere near the original tumors and can grow a brand new one.

On the other hand, benign tumors can grow to huge size but they do not spread throughout the body and don't invade different tissues. When a benign tumor is cut out of the body it hardly ever grows back where as a malignant tumor is far more likely to. Unlike most benign tumors in the body, benign brain tumors can be very dangerous and life threatening.

Bibliography

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