Southern Africa pages 377-396

Landforms and Bodies of water

  1. It includes four interdependent island countries and two french island territories in the Indian ocean.
  2. Southern a\Africa is bored by the Indian ocean.
  3. Angola and south Africa rank in the top 25% of the world's countries in land area.

Landforms

  • a series of plateaus that range in elevation from 3,000 feet to 6,00 feet cover most of the region.
  • South of Kalahari Desert, much like the rest of Southern Africa is covered by a huge plateau that slopes from about 8,000 feet in the east and 2,000 feet in the west
  • the outer part edges of the plateau from a steep slope is called the Great Escarpment.

Bodies of water

  • Zambezi
  • Limpopo
  • Orange drian

What type of Landform is Common in Southern Africa

  • Plateaus

Climate - Tropical Zones

  • Northern Angola and northern Mozambique have a tropical wet-dry climate.
  • Most of it falls in the spring, summer, and fall.
  • the high elevations makes temperatures cool.

Temperature Zones

  • Annual rainfall varies from 8 inches in some areas to 24 inches in others.
  • Leso

Dersert Regions

  • Temperatures along the coast are mild however, with daily averages ranging from 48^F to 68^F.
  • In inland areas of the Namibia Dessart

Why are temperatures in Southern Africa's tropical countries generally not hot?

The high elevations make temperatures hot

What are Natural Resources are found on Southern Africa, and why are they important.

South Africa, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Mozambique burn and mine from coal.

South Africa Resources

  • The republic of South Africa has some of the largest mineral reserves in the world.
  • These resources, along with important deposits of coal, iron ore, uraninum

Energy Resources

  • Mozambique has large deposits of natural gas as well as Angola.
  • Angola is also one of Africans leading oil producers

Minerals and other recourses

  • Dimonds in this use are called blood dimonds
  • Exporting farm product is also a major economic activity in Zimbabwe

Wildlife

  • Southern Africa is known for its variety of animal life.
  • Tourist come from throughout the world to see these animals.

How does deforestation affect the energy supply in the region?

  • deforestation dries up the dams causing threatening hydropower

History of southern Africa-rise of the kingdoms.

  • southern Africa's indigenous people have inhabited the region for thousands of years.

Great Zimbabwe

  • great Zimbabwe was abandon in the 1400's, possibly because its growing population exhausted its water and food resources.
  • As many as 20,000 lived in the city and its surrounding valleys.

The Mutapa Empire

  • the Portuguese arrived and took over the coastal trade in the 1500's
  • They gradually gained control over the empire and forced their people to mine gold for them.

Other Kingodms

  • A series of kingdoms rose and fell on the island of Madagascar from the 1600's to the 1800's
  • French troops invaded the kingdom in 1895 and made it a French possession.

European Colonies

  • around 1500, Portugal and other European countries began establishing settlements along the African coast.
  • As time passed, the Europeans grew intrerested in exploiting Africa's natural resources and, as a source of labor, its people.

Clashes in South Africa

  • During the 1600's till about the 1800's, Europeans set up trading post but did not establish colonies.

The Union of South Africa

  • War's in Europe gave Britain control of the Cape Colony in the early 1800's.

Colonialism in other Areas

  • In Southern Africa, Britian gained contol over what is now Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Botswana.

Which European country clamied the most territory in Southern Africa in the 1800's?

  • lkhiygib

Independence and Equal rights

  • French rule in Madagascar ended in 1960, making i the first Southern African country to gain independence.

The end of Portuguese Rule

  • While other European nations gave up their African colonies, Portugal refused to do so.

The Birth of Zimbabwe

  • Rhodesia's African population demanded the right to vote.

Equal rights in south Africa

  • English South Africans controlled the government until the end of World War two.
  • The new government leaders began enacting laws that created a system that is called a apartheid an Afrikaans word meaning; apartness.
  • By the 1970's apartheid-related events in South Africa had gained world attention.

Life in Southern Africa

  • The population of Southern Africa is overwhelming black Africans

Population Patterns

Credits:

Created with images by Henning Supertramp - "Etosha Giraffen" • Richard Allaway - "Coastal Landform - Narrow Bay / Geo. Pembroke, South Wales, UK." • sandrapetersen - "elephant zambia zambezi" • tsaiproject - "Joshua Trees, Red Rock Canyon, Nevada"

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