The reconstruction attempted to reunite the country after the civil war. The emancipation proclamation freed slaves, and now the question was how they would integrate into american society. The reconstruction saw some successes, but they were ultimately outweighed by its failures. Although the reconstruction provided slaves with freedom and new rights, as well as protections to allow them to vote without being discriminated for their race, the south found ways around these protections to discriminate against blacks, and racism grew even more prominent throughout the country by the end of reconstruction.
The 14th amendment finally recognized black citizenship, and prohibited states from creating and enforcing laws that take away the immunities of citizens of the US. It also stated the use of due process of law for all citizens, a new advancement for blacks, as the way they were governed prior to this was typically different from whites and unjust. The 14th amendment changed the idea from the Dred Scott decision that blacks couldn't be citizens, and proclaimed them as real members and a real part of the united states .
While slavery attempted to solve many of the problems that slaves faced, the many people against them hindered these advancements and in many cases made life harder for blacks. The biggest example of this is the Ku Klux Klan, who fought against blacks and sought to take away their freedom. The violence against blacks, mainly in the south, as depicted, was used to stop them from voting, holding political office, and often just a means for terror. The KKK coupled with whited in that believed in white supremacy all stood against the idea of blacks ever becoming anything close to equals, and used unjust means as well as violence to accomplish that goal.
Even though many attempts were made to better society and the lives of blacks, the reconstruction ended as a period that brought about even more racism and discrimination than ever before. This picture shows how whites got around the "no discrimination by race for voting" by using poll taxes, literacy tests, and other things to prevent blacks from having a political say. The reconstruction left a lasting impact on the country that contributed to the long lasting racism and discrimination, of which effects are still felt today. The reconstruction ended poorly for blacks, and will be remembered more widely for its failures to truly cleanse the country of bad feelings existing towards blacks. Segregation and Jim Crow laws following the reconstruction point to its ultimate ineffectiveness to rid the country of perhaps its greatest problem ever.
The reconstruction attempted to expand black rights and freedom directly following the civil war. Many advances were made in terms of rights and privileges protected by law. However, even though the reconstruction had some successes, its period of violence and discrimination brought about more harm than good, and by the of the reconstruction, blacks faced even harder lives, and an increasing amount of racism and discrimination. Similarly in the 1920's, Jim Crow laws were enacted, hindering any progress towards equality. Things like segregation, taking away privileges, and violence targeted blacks in the same ways that they had been affected by whites during the reconstruction.