North Carolina sit-ins's By: Joel cuellar

Background info

African americans would sit peacefully in diners in North Carolina A&T in white peoples seats. This was to provoke the white people into acting rash and assault. Segregation and racism lead them to do these peaceful protest. One of the first incidents was in Greensboro after a young black boy, Emmett Till, who had allegedly whistled at a white woman in a Mississippi store was brutally murdered in 1955.That event sparked sit-in's. On February 1 1960 Blair, Richmond, McCain and McNeil conducted a plan to protest by sitting in an all white only diner. By February 5 there were 300 students had joined the protest at Woolworth’s, paralyzing the lunch counter and other local businesses.

What was the goal?

The goal of the Sit-ins was to challenge segregation in diners by sitting in the whites only section in diners.

Who was involved and What type of people were involved?

Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond, Franklin McCain and Joseph McNeil were one of the first four African American students to break that barrier of non-violent protest. The boys later brought more of their peers from college who wanted to make a change with non-violent.

What obstacles did they faced?

Some of they many obstacles the protesters faced were being abused. The african american people were beat and were spat on. Also the waiters and waitress would not serve them because of their race. They would also have coffee and shakes.

What were the the outcomes and impact?

By August 1961, an estimated 70,000 people had participated in sit-ins across the country (more than 3,000 of these were arrested). One of the most important results of these actions was that students from across the country became active participants in the civil right movement. The sit-in's also made diners reopen so that everyone eats at the same counter. People now are able to eat where ever they want without being discriminated.

Modern inequality

The Dakota oil pipeline is very similar to the North Carolina sit-in's because the native american's protested peacefully. They protested by standing in the construction zones that were building the oil pipelines. The oil pipeline would have gone through some tribal lands that were very sacred to the Native americans. Thats how the Sit-in's and the Dakota oil pipeline protest are similar.

This video shows how and what happened in the unique diner. It tells the whole story about it in Woolworth.


The Sit-In Movement. (n.d.). Retrieved April 25, 2017, from

Learning from Martin Luther King, Jr. (2012, January 16). Retrieved April 25, 2017, from Staff. (2010). The Greensboro Sit-In. Retrieved April 25, 2017, from

T. (n.d.). Historic Lunch-Counter Sit-In. Retrieved April 25, 2017, from

Sit-ins and Their Impact on the Civil Rights Movement. (n.d.). Retrieved April 25, 2017, from

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