The Learning Cycle in Stages
This module breaks down each stage in J. Kaya Prpic's Learning Cycle. Dr Juliana Prpic developed this to teach undergraduate engineering students reflective practice. It is an adaptation of a number of models used today, by its intuitive structure the reflective practitioner is guided through the six experiences/stages asking explicit questions at each stage.The purpose of breaking down the stages is to provide students with a step to step guide on how to 'write up' or reflect on a learning moment/experience, feelings, and values, and how to analysise, synthesise and put in place an action plan. We encourage you to consider a learning moment or critical incident, and then write about each stage as guided by the diagrams and instructions below.
1.1 The learning moment
The purpose of this stage is to get a full but concise description of what happened so that you understand it more clearly yourself and can describe the incident to others.
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Now decide on how you felt about the experience, having an understanding of how the experience resonated with you will help you to reflect on and analyse and make sense of the experience. Some people struggle to articulate or make connection with their feelings; a lot of this is due to not having the words to communicate these feelings into meaning for you. Explore this link to increase your vocabulary of words describing on feelings.
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When exploring the value of the experience ask yourself why this moment was important to you, these are often connected to your own personal values, we will be covering this in more depth in other modules.
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Sourced from Google Dictionary
Describe your values having experienced this event, using the questions as guidance.
At this stage you are analysing what you think about the learning moment, helping you in making sense of what went well, what did you and others do well, what went wrong or did not turn out as expected. Break the event down into its component parts so they can be explored separately.
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Analyse your understanding of the experience, using the questions as guidance.
1.5 Lessons Learned
This differs from the values stage in that now you have explored the issue from different angles and have a lot of information to base your judgement. This information may be attained by looking self as a learner or through undertaking some form of investigation using tools and techniques such as brainstorming or exploration of a concept.
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It is here you are likely to develop insight into your own and other people’s behaviour in terms of how they contribute to the outcome of the event. Remember the purpose of reflection is to learn from experience. Without detailed analysis and honest exploration that occurs during the previous stages, it is unlikely that all aspects of the experience will be taken into account and therefore valuable opportunities for learning can be missed.
What lessons did you learn from the experience?
1.6 Action Plan
During this stage you should think yourself forward into encountering the event again and to plan what you would do – would you act differently or would you act the same? You would investigate new strategies that might put in place the next time or identify gaps in dealing with future experiences. Explain what you are going to do next and justify it.
Directly from Prpic - Scroll down for tips on how to describe the action plan