Setting plays a critical role within The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde that cannot be portrayed through any other literary devices. The novella takes place during the Victorian Era of London in the nineteenth century. Setting allows for a description of what people were like during the time without even revealing any character to us yet. Mr. Utterson is the first character that we meet and he is a perfect representation of the Victorian man. He always minds his own business and keeps his own standards up to a maximum. In the public eye, your appearance and standards mean everything and Mr. Utterson was well respected within the community. Through setting, we can tell that Mr. Utterson fully represented the ideal Victorian man.
Characterization is defined as the creation or construction of a character. We see much characterization within the novel, especially in regards to Mr. Utterson and Dr. Jekyll. Characterization allows for us to grow on an emotional level alongside the characters themselves. Stevenson engages the reader to grow with the characters by not revealing everything about a character until we get to the end of the story. Once we reach the end of the story, we now know the full intentions and motives that a character holds and we relate that to ourselves in our lives. Characterization allows the reader to be engaged within the novel by understanding what every character desires.
Metaphors and allegories are used to symbolize an object or an abstract idea into something that cannot literally be applicable to it. Using these within a novel allows for a deeper word choice to describe an intense feeling or action. Metaphors and allegories help to convey certain messages to the audience as well.
Point of View
Point of view is defined as the position or way that a story is being told . Within The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, the story is being told from a third person limited point of view for eight of the ten chapters. Being told in a limited view only shows us the insight of some certain people like Mr. Utterson for example. The last two chapters are told in a first person sense through letters. These two chapters give us a switch to show the minds of others around Mr. Utterson
Mood and Tone
Mood and tone are other literary devices that authors can use to appeal to the reader. Mood reflects to the deep and mystifying nature of what circumstances are happening within the novel. Tone, I believe, reflects the impact that it had upon the reader. Within the novel, there are many moments where the mood seemed ominous and foreboding, but the tone was forceful and made the reader engaged to absolutely know what will happen next. Mood and tone help the reader to engage more within the story to find out the true plot within the novel.
Themes have a wide variety throughout the world, but they all have the same impact. They are intended to be used to direct the reader onto a specific topic and to understand why the novel has a certain impact upon that topic. Throughout The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, one prevalent theme that is brought up is the discussion about the duality of man. Dr. Jekyll hits this subject hard within his statement of the case and this stuck out to me as the important theme within the novel. Theme's, like the duality of man, create a moral story-line that a reader can follow. Themes help to make the reader discover his own belief within the novel and to have their own input towards a topic.