The Secret Annex
Anne Frank remained in hiding in the Secret Annex for more than two years. She was not alone there, Anne Frank was with her parents, sister and four other Jewish people, Hermann and Auguste van Pels, their son Peter and Fritz Pfeffer. The people who were in hiding with Anne Frank and her family were trying to hide from the Germans and succeeded. Their food was very good in the beginning but as soon as their coupons ran out and the German's got closer their food got worse and worse.
The Westerkerk church was built between 1620 and 1631 in an renaissance style. The tower that is connected to the church is called the Westertoren or the Western tower. It is the highest church tower in Amsterdam, at 286 feet. Anne Frank states in her diary that its clock face on the tower could be seen form the attic of the Achterhuis. Anne described the chiming of the carillon as if it was a source of comfort.
1. Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.
2. Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.
3. Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German or related blood who are under 45 years old.
4. Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.
5. Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.
When researching the Nuremberg Laws I realized how disturbing it was. One of the Laws states they couldn't wear the German colors or hang up the German flag. This caught my attention because the Jews who grew up in Germany, could not wear the colors they grew up wearing because they were blamed for multiple things they have not done. When they have to take their flags down their neighbors might also look at them differently. They might look at them differently because they are being mesmerized by Hitler over social media on how the Jews are doing everything that is bad in their country.
Propaganda is information, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view. Propaganda can be concealed or open,emotional or containing appeals to reason, or a combination of emotional and logical appeals. To some writers "Propaganda is all the more tangled because in the firsts World War it acquired certain popular meanings that stick to its like burrs to a cocker spaniel." Many experts agree that the term can not be limited to the type of propaganda that seeks to achieve bad ends or to the form that makes use of deceitful methods. What started Propaganda was the differences on religious and political matters. The Greeks spreaded Propaganda by games, theater, assembly's, law courts, and religious festivals. From then and on society had common knowledge and a sense of common interests, it would be settled by propaganda.
Peter Van Pels
Peter Van Pels was a quiet yong boy who went into hiding with the Frank family around 1940. His parents are Hermann and Auguste, who had met the frank family when they had moved to Amsterdam. When they met the Franks, Hermann became a business partner with Otto Frank. As soon as the notices for Jews went out, the Van Pels knew they could not wait any longer, and decided they should go to the Secret Annex. When Peter had gone to go stay at the Secret Annex, he was thought of little from Anne but over time he became more and more confident, and took on many handyman roles around the annex.
Before the Secret Annex, Otto had studied Economics, but gave all of that up to work in a bank. In 1925, Edith Hollander and Otto Frank got married, when Hilter came they decided to move to Holland where it was safer, where Otto would also then set up his own company. When Margot, one of his daughters got a call-up paper to report to a labour camp, Otto brought his family in a prepared annex above his office. Two years later, the annex got raided, and Otto Frank was the only one out of the Annex to survive the harsh camps the Germans had made. When Otto came back to meet his family, he heard about Anne's death and soon later got Anne's diary from Miep Gies. After Otto found the empty annex he left to go to Switzerland until his death in 1980.
In 1933, Miep Gies was an assistant for Otto Frank and started to grow closer and closer with the Frank family. As the persecution of Jews in Nazi-occupied Europe worsened, Miep was told by Otto Frank his family would be going into hiding above his offices. Miep agreed to help right away, knowing if she was caught she would be severely punished. Once Margot got a call-up paper to report to a forced labour-camp, Miep took Margot to the Secret Annex and the rest of the family soon followed later on, along with the Van Pels family and Fritz Pfeffer. Miep told the family's inside the Secrets Annex thenews happening from outside and suppiled the family with food and water.
Margot Frank was born on the 16th of February in 1926, and was the first child of Edith and Otto Frank. When the Frank family moved to Amsterdam in 1933, Margot attended school in Amsterdam. One of Margot's friends remembers her as a modest and kind girl who did not talk about her self or her life in Germany much. When Margot got a call-up her family then rushed into hiding in the Secret Annex. When Margot was in the Secret Annex she continued her studies in hope that one day she would return to school and not be left behind. Margot then died of Typhus in the camp with her sister, Anne, just a couple of weeks before it was liberated by allied troops.
Act I Summary
In Act 1 Anne Frank's sister, Margot, gets a letter that she will need to be sent to A concentration camp or Jews. Once Mr. Frank finds out that Margot has to be sent to a concentration camp for the next morning, he immediately starts telling the family to pack all their things and get ready to leave for the next morning. Once they are in the Secret Annex they are later joined by the Van Pels. The two people to tell them the news from outside is Miep Gies and Mr.Kraler. We have also learned the thoughts and feelings behind in Anne, we can also see the personalities of the Van Pels and the Franks. About three months in there is another person called Mr. Dussel who joins them and they're hiding. During their hiding, there was a robbery which they thought was the green police who were going to take them. When they hear noise from downstairs during a robbery they immediately freeze, Mr. Frank then goes down the stairs to see what is happening. The scene then ends with everyone singing a Hanukkah song.