What is the Constitution?


The Constitution was written at a Philadelphia convention. It started on May 25th and ended with it being signed on September 17, 1787.

In Article I in the Constitution, the main focus is the Legislative Branch. The Legislative Branch is in charge of making the laws.

There are two houses in Congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives.

If you want to be in the House of Representatives, you have to be at least twenty five years old.

You don't have to be born in the U.S. but you do have to become a citizen if you do. A representative also serves for two years.

To become a Senate, you have to be at least thirty years old, and either born, or nine years as a citizen in the United States.

Each state receives two Senators. Today, there is a total of 100 senators. Senators serve a total of six years in Congress. They are also elected over a six year period in thirds to replace the previous senators.

The head of the Executive Branch is the President of the United States. The Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy is also the President.

During an impeachment trial, the Chief Justice presides over his proceedings. Two thirds of the members must be present to convict/impeach a president.

If the President does not sign a law, and returns it, its called vetoing.

In order for Congress to override a Presidential veto, both Houses must approve the law with two thirds of them that agree.

Congress has to meet at least once every year. The first meeting of Congress each year in on the first Monday in December.

The Congress has the power to set taxes and receive tax money.

Also, each house with the Concurrence of two thirds can remove a member of either house of Congress.

You have to be thirty five years old and a citizen of the U.S. to be President. The President is in power for four years, but can be reelected to serve a maximum of eight. A person must receive at least 270 votes to become president today.

If neither candidate gets a majority, then the House of Representatives immediately chooses by ballot one of them for President. If the President dies or is removed from office, the Vice President shall become the new President.

All civil officers of the United States can be impeached for the conviction of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.

There is only one Supreme Court. If a case goes through everything below the Supreme Court, it then can move up to the highest power.

Appellate jurisdiction is when a higher court has the power to review, revise, overturn or affirm decisions made by lower courts.

The first amendment is the freedom for assembly, press, speech, religion, and freedom to petition. The second is the right to own firearms or guns.

The third amendment is that there is no quartering of soldiers into private homes without the consent of the owner.

The fourth is freedom from unreasonable searches and seizure.

Number five is the right not to be put on trial twice for the exact same crime. Without the due process of the law, you have the right to keep your life, liberty, and/or property.

The sixth amendment is rights to a public trial, know charges being held against you, and have a lawyer.

Seven is the right to a jury trial in civil cases.

Eight is to not have excessive bail or fines and no unusual or cruel punishments.
Nine is all rights are reserved to the people.

Ten is all rights are reserved to the states.

Eleven is a citizen of one state cannot sue another state in a federal court.
Twelve is members of the electoral college, who are called electors, will vote one person for President and one for Vice President.

The thirteenth amendment abolishes slavery in the United States.

Fourteen is All people born or naturalized in the United States are citizens and of the state in which they live in. No state can take away rights of the citizen of the United States.

Fifteen is a citizen cannot be denied the right to vote because of their race, color, or previous conditions of servitude.

The sixteenth amendment is congress has the power to collect income taxes.

Seventeen is that two United States senators from each of the states are to be elected by the people of those states.
Eighteen is that people may not make, sell, or transport intoxicating liquors within the United States.

The nineteenth amendment is that the right to vote cannot be denied based on your gender.

Twenty is that Congress must meet at least once a year, with the meeting beginning on January 3rd. The terms of the President and the Vice President end on January 20th.
The twenty-first amendment has the 18th amendment repealed.

Twenty two states that no person can be elected to be President more than twice.

The twenty third amendment is citizens of the District of Columbia may vote if they choose.

Twenty four is that a person cannot be denied their right to vote because they have not paid a poll tax.

The twenty fifth amendment is if the President is removed from office or dies, then the Vice President will become the new President .

The twenty sixth amendment is anyone who is eighteen years or older, is eligible to vote.

The final amendment is if Congress votes on a salary, it will not take effect until after the next election.

I think the Constitution is a way to find some sort of peace. When people came together years ago, they knew they needed guidelines and that they needed to gain some control over themselves. The Constitution was a way to calm down chaos that was going on. I believe it set good standards. From there we could grow and build on our country's foundation.


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