Farmers plowed their fields for planting. It was backbreaking labor. When a natural disaster occurred, it was heartbreaking to see all of their hard work destroyed. There were several species of bugs that invaded their fields as well, such as grasshoppers, locusts, and boll weevils. Fields of corn, wheat and rye would be wiped out due to these infestations. Mosquitoes and flies, sometimes carrying diseases, were not only harmful to humans, but also to farm animals. There was no escaping the bugs.
Money was also an issue for farmers. An estimated cost of $1000 would be reasonable for homestead living, but it was very challenging to have that much money at the time. It made it difficult for farmers to fulfill their requirement of holding the land for 5 years due to financial issues. The prices of crops decreased, adding to the debt of farmers.
Conditions at this time were so difficult by the 1880s causing many families to head back east.