In 1984, research groups led by Dr. Gallo, Dr. Luc Montagnier at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, and Dr. Jay Levy at the University of California, San Francisco, all identified a retrovirus as the cause of AIDS. Each group called the virus by a different name: HTLV-III, LAV, and ARV, respectively

HIV causes many different diseases here are a few,

  • AIDS
  • Candidiasis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Toxoplasmosis
How its spread: HIV is spread only in certain body fluids from a person infected with HIV. These fluids are blood, semen, pre-seminal fluids, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. In the United States, HIV is spread mainly by having sex or sharing injection drug equipment, such as needles, with someone who has HIV.
Treatments: HIV is treated using a combination of medicines to fight HIV infection. This is called antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART isn't a cure, but it can control the virus so that you can live a longer, healthier life and reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to others.
How it has helped the medical community: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) have shown an almost unique linkage between biomedical research and improved healthcare outcomes.\

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