A reference to the leadership and institutions that make policy decisions for a country.
Who has the power to make decisions, how they get that power and what threatens that power.
The Comparative Method
Based on factual statements and statistics.
Issues that require judgement.
Speculative statement about the relations between 2 or more factors known as VARIABLES.
What the researcher is trying to find, the idea that one or more variable,e influences the others.
Exists when change in on variable coincides with change in the other.
Three world approach:
Based on Cold War politics. 1st world: US and allies. 2nd: USSR and allies. 3rd World: nations that didn't fit into either category and were economically underdeveloped.
The way that citizens organize and define themselves and their interests.
Takes into consideration not only the ways that politicians operate outside their formal powers, but the impact that beliefs, values and actions of ordinary citizens have in policy.
Countries that control what happens within their borders. WOW.
Stable, long lasting organizations that help turn political ideas into policy.
The ability to carry out actions or policies within their borders independently from interference from inside or outside.
A group of people bound together by a common political identity.
Of course this is different from
The sense of belonging and identity that distinguishes one nation from another.
A state that contains more than one nation. 😒😒😒😒😒😒😒😒😒
People without a state.
Inner most region of a country with the most population.
Outlying areas with smaller towns, less factories and more open space.
More than one core area-- may or may not be problematic.
Rules that a state sets and follows in exerting its power.
In a Democracy...
Elected officials represent government.
Individuals have immediate say over government decisions. Obviously not possible.
Citizens vote for legislative representatives which in turn select the leaders of the executive branch. Governed by parliamentary sovereignty.
Citizens vote for legislature and executive branches, which function with separation of powers
Head of state
Role that symbolizes the power and nature of a regime.
Head of government
A role dealing with the everyday task of running the government.
Type of democracy where the roles of head of state and head of given to one person.
Checks and Balances:
Fam honestly :/// (checks of power between three branches of government)
Separation of Powers
Branches sharing power so one doesn't dominate the other. You've known this since 3rd grade.
A prime minister coexists with a President directly elected by the people and holds a significant degree of power. Russia uses this system.
But let's be honest it doesn't matter who's President it's Putin 24/7