Arabs. Arabs are mostly Islamic believing people that try to spread Islam. They can be spread into Shia Muslims or Sunni Muslims. Shias believe that the interpretation of islamic teaching should only come from relatives or ancestors of Mohamed. Sunnis, however, believe that the muslim community can pick anyone to be their leader. They speak Arabic and live pretty much all over the world.
The Songhai. The Songhai are sedentary, farmers and fishermen. Their original capital was Kukya, on the Niger river. They were the original founders of the Songhai Empire. The Songhai people brought lots of prosperity and reputation to the black people of their time. They spread Islam in West Africa and were noble warriors. The Songhai Empire was the most democratic social entity of its time.
The image shows a area view of the garden for math.
The Math Summary:
In math class, we were doing all of the math parts of our PBL project and based our gardens on our garden near the school. We launched our project by measuring all of our planter boxes in our garden to figure out how much radishes could fit into them and just knowing the measurements to figure out how much materials it would take to build another one like it.
Then we started the PBL Packet. The first part of the packet was all about: area of planters and pots; sizes, heights, and diameters of the planters; and the volume of the planters. The second part of the the packet was all about finding unit costs; finding how much is one cubic foot and how much it would cost; how much radish pots could fit into one planter and then the entire garden; then finding out how much those seeds would cost. Then finding how much materials we would need and how much those materials would cost by unit and end result. In the end of the packet, we found out how big the garden would be, how much seeds would fit in that garden, how much dirt the garden would require, how much lumber it would require, how many nails it would require, and how much the materials would cost and how much the whole, entire garden would cost all together. We also found out how much it would cost in Sudan's currency.
During that whole time, we were doing many sorts of different math problems, such as making proportions to find out the cost of a "x" number of materials, or using multi step problems like: using division to divide the price of materials by the number of materials and then multiplying that unit price by the number of materials needed to find out the price of the needed materials. Also, using dilation to find out how the garden to fit and change if needed by size. For example, in our diagram that we drew of how the garden would look, we added different dilations in green and blue, this shows how the garden would be able to maintain the same look and materials, but be smaller or bigger.
During this process I discovered how much work, planning, and especially money goes into making something as simple as a garden. Also, during the process I learned how math is incorporated into many aspects and how you can use proportion or any other math technique to find the thing you want. Another thing is, I found out how, even a garden like the one we planned out, could grow lots of crops and support many families, plus through math, this garden can be replicated into different environments.
My Suggested Solution for Solving Food Challenges Worldwide
My suggested solution on how to solve food challenges in local and global communities is, plant lots of public food gardens. That way, the community could care for it, add to it and take from it. Think about it, if your going through a hard time that you can't afford food, you don't have to worry. Just go to the public garden and take a reasonable amount of food for you, and then re plant the seeds there so the plant would grow back. Gardens don't take up a lot of materials and don't cost a lot of money, they are flexible, meaning they can adjust to any space and or environment, and they have a on going cycle; you eat the food, then you replant it. However, in some places like Mali, the soil quality is really poor so it would be very difficult for the people to grow the community garden. However, I have a solution for that too. People could fill up plastic containers with good and fertile soil and plant the garden in those containers. That would make it much easier to grow the garden. So if you want to help your local community, plant a local food garden for you and your community.
The Graph in Science that shows the growth of the radish and the Dates.
The Science Summary
In science, we started the PBL project with growing the radishes under different colors of light. However, before that, some people were assigned "stars'' and received better soil to see if that would help our plants survive. I was one of those "star" people. So, we started our PBL with the radish experiment, we were to plant a radish seed into a 4x4 pot and look up techniques on how to grow the radish. Our class was also assigned a blue colored light, while other classes got colors from green to orange. My group chose to water our plant every day with 18.7 mL of water. All of this was done to see under which colored light and overall, under which conditions the radish plants would grow best. Along the way our group had a few challenges such as: forgetting to water the plant daily (causing our experiment to go a little off), having holidays (for example we were on thanksgiving break during the time and other people watered our plant with a wild amount of water and that was never recorded), and other people sabotaging our plant. (some people thought it would be funny if they ripped out someone's plant, that plant happened to be ours, so it had no chance of survival). However, I can't say that it was either hard or easy to grow the radish, because some parts were easy, like watering the plant, I could easily water the plant equally all over the soil. However, watering it daily was hard, things always prevented our group from watering daily. Of course, this project had a lot to do with solving food challenges worldwide because we could, at the end, see the optimal soil, light color, and watering technique. This could help people grow crops easily in communities worldwide and help solve food challenges at least a little bit.
Photosynthesis is important to plants because through photosynthesis, plants take in sunlight and turn it into food. Without photosynthesis, plants just couldn't survive and the more sunlight plants take in, the more food they produce, the faster they start to grow. Another important thing is the light color, for example plants grow well in some colors but die in green. So the link between plant growth and light color is, is that plants absorb red and blue light better than other colors of light, this means that photosynthesis occurs faster and growth increases. We can increase the rate of plant growth by providing plants with good, fertile soil, give them a reasonable amount of water, and most importantly, grow them in red or blue light. Plants grow best in all of these conditions, meaning that photosynthesis will occur faster and the plants will grow faster as well.
Thank You For Your Time!